Are Marathi and Hindi the same languages

languages

German is spoken in Germany and English is spoken in England. But how widespread is which language is actually used?

Actually, English and French are considered "world languages" in the western world. Due to the high population figures in China and India, the national languages ​​there are instead by far at the forefront of the world's most common mother tongues.

Although Spanish has only been part of the teaching in German schools for a few decades, the language is even more widespread than English. The latter spread globally through the British Commonwealth, but mainly in small countries. Spanish, on the other hand, is extremely widespread in Central and South America.

Decreasing linguistic diversity

There are currently around 6500 languages ​​in the world. Around 150 of these are in Europe. The country with the most languages ​​and dialects is Papua New Guinea: a country on the border between Asia and Australia with historically numerous trade relations in large parts of Asia, Australia and Oceania. There should be over 800 individual languages ​​here alone. Germany, on the other hand, only has 9 languages. In addition to Standard German, the "European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages" also recognizes Low German, 3 variants of Danish, North and Sater Frisian, Sorbian and Romani.

It is noticeable that the language density around the equator is increasing significantly. In Central Africa, South and Southeast Asia and northern South America there are numerous different languages ​​and dialects, the diversity of which does not occur in other regions. The reasons for this are primarily of a social and ecological nature: In regions with higher ecological risks and the resulting higher dependence on fellow human beings, there are more numerous and closer social ties. This results in a significantly lower number of different languages. Conversely, this means that in small and fertile countries more independent peoples with less economic dependency are forming.

1000 years ago, the number of languages ​​worldwide was around 9,000. However, due to increasing globalization, this number is steadily decreasing and results in linguistic homogeneity. It is assumed that there are only around 4500 languages ​​left in 2050, only 3000 in 2100 and only 100 at the beginning of the 23rd century.

Language families

Not all languages ​​are accepted by any means. Many languages ​​are based on the same language family. For example, German as well as Dutch, Swedish or English belong to the Germanic languages, which in turn belong to the Indo-European language family. Depending on the interpretation, there are around 90-180 such language families. There are also around 120 isolated languages ​​that have actually developed on their own.
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