Is it possible to cure astigmatism
Treat astigmatism early
In the first years of life the brain is very changeable. If the ametropia is compensated early with glasses, missing nerve tracts can still develop. Sometimes the better eye has to be masked off for a while. So the brain is forced to process the impressions of the weaker.
"Success is best in the first three years, until the age of twelve you have a good chance that your brain will adapt," says Bredehorn-Mayr. "In adulthood it has so far not been sufficiently proven that permanent visual impairment can be treated."
That is why the pediatrician checks whether a child sees correctly during certain preventive examinations and, if in doubt, refers them to the ophthalmologist. "If the astigmatism is only pronounced in one eye, you can still see well with both eyes together," explains Happe. "This is why such visual disturbances are often discovered very late." He recommends parents who have visual defects themselves to have their child examined by a specialized ophthalmologist at an early age, at the latest when they are two years old. Because vision problems are often inherited. The astigmatism is usually congenital, it rarely develops in the course of life, for example if the eye is injured. "Even if a child is noticeably clumsy, this can indicate a visual defect," explains Happe.
Babies need special glasses
During the examination, the ophthalmologist projects a pattern onto the child's eyes. If it appears distorted, it indicates a curvature of the cornea. A deviation from the norm of up to one diopter is considered normal, all values above should be compensated. For little ones, glasses are the means of choice. Babies, however, need very special glasses: The glasses should be made of unbreakable plastic, the nose bridge made of soft silicone so that it does not pinch the snub nose.
Instead of ironing, the baby goggles have an elastic band like ski goggles.Stability is also particularly important for toddlers so that nothing can get in the eye when they run around. "The glasses that are taken over by the statutory health insurance funds are unfortunately not break-proof," is the experience of Christian Müller, an optician in Mülheim an der Ruhr. Parents would therefore have to add around 100 euros for children's glasses. Contact lenses can also be used from the age of five - provided the child cooperates and the parents take care of the lenses. Adults who no longer feel like having a visual aid can ask their ophthalmologist whether laser treatment makes sense.
Parents should definitely avoid one mistake when choosing glasses, says Müller: "Transferring your own vanity to children". A fashionable look is very important to some parents. But children need glasses with glasses that reach up as far as possible, because they often look up at adults. And the child shouldn't look first and foremost, but should see well.
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