How do you personally define fake messages

Fake news

1. Generally: According to the meaning in English, a fake is a forgery, a deception, a dummy, or an impostor and a simulant (faker). Fake news is false and incorrect information that is often disseminated through electronic channels (especially social media). They are based on individuals or groups who act on their own or on behalf of others. There are personal, political, and economic motives for creating it. Algorithms of various kinds and social bots play a central role in the dissemination, as do the posts, likes and retweets of the users.

2. Background and characteristics: Initially, people talked about fake news in connection with Facebook and Twitter and other social media. The content can be seen directly there, in text and images, or via links. Donald Trump also applied the term to classic media. Inconsistent content, linguistically fuzzy news or false reports such as newspaper ducks should not generally be referred to as fake news - this includes the targeted use of the potential of social media and the well-founded hope of viral distribution.

3. Criticism and Outlook: The "fake news" - like the "lying press" - have become a battlefield of different camps, the phenomena behind it have become a problem of the information society in which manipulation and disinformation are increasing. Special institutions are being set up in the media and parties to identify and eliminate fake news. Of course, this creates the risk of censorship. Information and media ethics examine the moral implications of fake news. Business ethics is also interested in these insofar as they can bring advantages and disadvantages to companies, employees and consumers.