Was Mandela a member of the Illuminati
Liberty, equality, fraternity - on July 14, 1789, the people of Paris stormed the Bastille with these slogans. For the people, the prison was a symbol of the cruelty of King Louis XVI. Allegedly, prisoners housed in the Bastille had to endure terrible things.
When the revolutionaries entered the prison, however, they were disappointed. There were only seven prisoners in the rooms. The majority were criminals who had committed minor offenses.
A few decades earlier, however, the Bastille had also seen an inmate who was prominent: Voltaire was imprisoned in the prison in 1717. The man of letters had previously insulted several nobles.
Newgate and Tower of London
One prison in England was particularly notorious in the 12th century: Newgate Prison. Executions used to take place in front of the gates to amuse the people. Newgate was a popular setting in literature. For example in Charles Dickens ’novel Oliver Twist.
The Tower of London, on the other hand, was considered a prison for the upper class. Here, among other things, Heinrich VI. (1471), Edward V and the Duke of York (1483) awaiting their death.
Alcatraz Prison Island
Alcatraz is a prison island located on San Francisco Bay. The prison stands for a whole film genre: the prison film. Alcatraz has a reputation for never escaping the island alive. That obviously appealed to the filmmakers.
In 1962 the first film was released: "The Prisoner of Alcatraz" with Burt Lancaster. It is about a prisoner living in solitary confinement. In 1979 the film "Escape from Alcatraz" starring Clint Eastwood was released.
The real history of Prison Island began in 1847. A military governor bought the island from the Mexicans for $ 5,000. The first prisoners came to the island 15 years later. But it was not until 1934 that the construction of the high-security wing was completed.
Many famous people have seen the inside of Alcatraz, including gangster Al Capone. Alcatraz used to be the only prison in the US that had hot water showers.
There was a reason for this: the prisoners had to take a warm shower in order not to be able to harden themselves. The water in Alcatraz Bay is so cold that in the 29 years leading up to its closure in 1963, no one managed to reach the coast alive.
Robben Island is about ten kilometers from Cape Town. People hunted seals here for several centuries - hence the name Robben Island.
In 1961 that changed: the island became Alcatraz of South Africa. Apartheid government officials sent their opponents to the maximum security prison in the sea. Nelson Mandela, later President of South Africa, also landed on Robben Island.
He spent 27 years on convict island. Every day of it he had to work in a quarry. In 1974 people all over the world started criticizing Robben Island. The prison conditions improved as a result.
Today the island is a symbol of the resistance of the black majority in South Africa. The prison has been a tourist attraction since 1996.
The correctional facility in Stuttgart-Stammheim is best known for its inmates: Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin, Jan-Carl Raspe and Irmgard Möller - the members of the Red Army Faction (RAF) were imprisoned here.
In 1975 a high-security wing was built for them next to the prison. This was armored and covered with steel nets. This was to prevent a helicopter from landing on the roof. This was a response to attempts at liberation that had previously been announced anonymously.
In 1977 Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe committed suicide in their prison cells - Irmgard Möller survived. To this day, sympathizers of the terrorist group deny that the three prisoners killed themselves, but assume that the murder was ordered by the state.
The prison camp in Guantanamo Bay
In 1898, at the time of the Spanish-American War, the Americans occupied Guantanamo Bay in the Caribbean Sea in southern Cuba. They initially used the bay as a military base.
Since 2002, Guantanamo served the Americans as a prison camp. In the so-called Camp X-Ray, translated as an X-ray camp, they housed prisoners, such as members of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda.
When the media reported that the prison conditions were inhumane and that the prisoners were not going to court, Amnesty International intervened. Many called for the camp to be closed.
In 2005, a US court ruled that detaining prisoners without due process violated the US Constitution and Geneva Human Rights Conventions.
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