What is ability and talent

talent

talent, slang term for innate abilities (Dispositions), mainly used to differentiate performance or to explain above-average performance. According to this traditional notion, the characteristics of an individual's performance are determined by a number of mutually independent factors. Towards the end of the 19th century, the term was taken up by the emerging and rapidly dominating intelligence research. Work on the concept of creativity raised the question of the extent to which talent and intelligence can be separated from one another. W. Stern bordered intelligence as a general talent spanning many different areas talent as one special Talent that covers a narrowly defined area. Later, a distinction was made between talented achievements that shape and bring about changes through productivity, and intelligence achievements that are aimed at adaptation and have a stabilizing effect. In Roth's cultural psychology, however, talent was understood as the ability to learn aimed at cultural areas: learning is primarily characterized by the ability to actively shape the environment and not exclusively by the ability of people to adapt. Talent is not designed statically but dynamically, so it is not considered to be a fixed once and for all variable, but changes depending on the extent of cumulative learning due to environmental stimuli. While talent was initially examined primarily in connection with teaching-relevant skills, the expansion to differentiated types of learning and extracurricular performance situations offered new perspectives. In developmental psychology, it was initially assumed that talent was a disposition for performance determined by heredity (disposition-environmental problem, giftedness).

O.Sch.