What is monotheism in Islam

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The term monotheism denotes a religion or doctrine that knows and recognizes an all-embracing God as the basis of all being.

This distinguishes monotheism from polytheism, which is also referred to as service to idols. The best-known monotheistic religions are: Islam, Christianity and Judaism. But Islam also describes followers of other religions as monotheistic, such as Zaroastrians and Sabeans.

All monotheistic religions have in common that God is independent of time, space and matter and their creator [chaliq]. Therefore he may not be represented by believers [mumin], because that would be a limitation of his infinity. God is omniscient and just.

The monotheistic principle is described in Islam by the concept of unity [tawhid]. Ultimately, all creatures are signs of God.

According to Islam, all monotheistic religions have received the same revelation [wahy] depending on the respective developmental state of humanity. Most of the differences, according to Islam, are based on falsifications of earlier revelations [wahy]. The lived revelation in the form of the prophets can ideally exemplify monotheism for people, and people are never left without an example. Therefore, in Islam, Adam (a.) Is the first man, first prophet and first monotheist at the same time.

In his natural disposition, the nature of man [fitra], man has a longing for monotheism. Because of this disposition, some people in Mecca were already monotheists even in the time of ignorance, such as Abdulmuttalib, Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib, Abu Talib, Amina bint Wahab and Khadijah (a.).