What functions does political science have

Political science

P. is a scientific discipline that has origins far back (among the Greek philosophers), but only began to establish itself as a university specialist in DEU after the Second World War. The subject of scientific research, politics, is subdivided into a) the political (more or less stable) order and constitution (polity), b) the political (more or less conflictual) process of formulation, decision-making and enforcement (Politics) and c) the factual (material, actual) content of politics.

A distinction is made between three main currents: a) the normative-ontological P., which examines how political orders, institutions and processes should (correctly) function; b) the empirical-analytical P., which focuses on researching the current situation, d. H. on how politics is actually (and in detail) operated, and c) the dialectical-critical P., whose focus is on the critical examination of political practice (watchdog function).

Traditional neighboring disciplines are philosophy, history, law and political science, but also economics and sociology.

A subdivision of the subject (typical at many universities) divides into a) political theories (or the history of political ideas), b) domestic politics (often also: political field analysis), c) comparative politics (or comparative government theory), d) international politics (foreign policy, international) Relationships).
See also:
World war
Political order
Political Science
Political theories
Political history of ideas
Domestic politics
Policy field analysis
Government doctrine
Foreign policy
International Relations

Source: Schubert, Klaus / Martina Klein: Das Politiklexikon. 7th, updated and exp. Edition Bonn: Dietz 2020. Licensed edition Bonn: Federal Agency for Civic Education.