Is the earth 6000 years old

What is it about creationism?

In his textbook "Evolutionary Biology", Ulrich Kutschera summarizes the most important arguments of creationism and the opponents of evolution - in order to refute them. We reproduce here excerpts from the claims of the creationists

Argument 1: Complexity must have an intelligent creator

All creationists or opponents of evolution agree that the organisms known today do not go back to a common ancestor, but - as so-called basic types - were created by a creator or designer. Many creationists believe that God had a hand in it is proven by an argument of the theologian William Paley (1743-1805): If we find a clock in nature, we assume that it was made by an intelligent being (clockmaker) . From this it follows, according to Paley, that even highly complex living things must have been created by a designer: "Design must have a designer."

Argument 2: The earth is only 6000 years old - says the Bible

The Irish Archbishop James Ussher (1581-1656) calculated an earth age of around 6000 years using various biblical chronologies. He took October 23, 4004 BC as the time of creation. At 9 a.m. By the way, a Sunday. "Moderate" creationists, on the other hand, have agreed on an age of around 10,000 years.

Argument 3: Life cannot have come about by chance

Creationists claim that the spontaneous emergence of complex (ordered) macromolecules, which could be the original building blocks of life, is statistically practically impossible. A chemist calculated a probability of 1: 101000 that such a DNA macromolecule would form spontaneously. That is comparable to the probability with which the parts of a junkyard whirled up by a tornado will assemble by themselves into a fully functional aircraft.

Argument 4: evolution contradicts physics

Creationists keep claiming that the theory of evolution contradicts a fundamental principle of thermodynamics, and thus of physics. The second law of thermodynamics says that entropy, i.e. the measure of disorder or indeterminacy in a system, tends to reach a maximum in the universe. However, the origin and development of organisms has brought ever greater diversity and complexity with it.

Argument 5: The theory of evolution is unscientific

A scientific theory can only be considered true if it can be confirmed or refuted by reproducible experiments. However, evolutionary processes run so slowly that they evade experimental verification. Hence the theory of evolution cannot claim to be more scientific than any theory of creation.

Argument 6: There are no intermediate fossil forms

There are no transitional or intermediate forms between the blueprints of different fossil animal classes. So there is a lack of evidence for macroevolution, i.e. the development of new building plans above the species boundary.

In the textbook "Evolutionary Biology", Ulrich Kutschera lists these and other arguments and refutes them point by point. In particular, the last-mentioned argument, the alleged lack of transitional forms, is dealt with in detail.