Can Brexit be completed in two years?

On February 1, 2020, the UK will no longer be a member of the EU. But it will take some time before Brexit is completed - the schedule for the coming year:

  • The UK formally leaves the EU at the end of January.
  • But the negotiations and fears of a “hard Brexit” continue.
  • The UK and the EU have a tight schedule to cut the last of the ties.

London / Munich - with a crushing election victory Boris Johnson the door to Brexit but still bumped: at the end of January, the United Kingdom will be after years of negotiations leave the EU. The decisive British referendum was almost four years ago.

But this step is not yet as final as it seems. In a Transition phase Initially, everything remains (more or less) the same. And then the British and EU representatives will have to cope with the next negotiation marathon, because the big ones The dangers of Brexit are not banned yet. We are looking for regulations for the time after leaving - there is not much time left.

The most important dates for the coming weeks and months at a glance - the Time schedule for the "real" Brexit:

Brexit schedule: final formalities before leaving

January 29, 2020: After approval in the UK, that's true European Parliament at its plenary session in Brussels on the Brexit treaty. If it is adopted, the ratification process would also be completed on the EU side. National parliaments do not have to approve the treaty.

January 31, 2020: Great Britain's EU membership ends at midnight German time (11 p.m. UK time).

Brexit timetable: the next steps - transition phase begins

February 1, 2020: A transition phase will now begin until at least the end of 2020. Great Britain will remain in the for the time being Internal market and in the customs union. Both sides want to use this period to negotiate future relations and in particular a free trade agreement.

10-13 February 2020: At its plenary session in Strasbourg, the European Parliament wants to adopt a resolution on its position on the negotiations with Great Britain.

Brexit schedule: Spring 2020 - talks on free trade agreements could start

February 25, 2020: According to the decisions of the last EU summits the EU ministers of the member states would adopt the mandate for the negotiations. If they accept the mandate, they could Talks about the free trade agreement starting in March from an EU perspective. For the European Union, like the exit negotiations, they will be led by the Frenchman Michel Barnier.

Brexit schedule: Summer 2020 - the course is set for the exit final and fisheries deal

July 1, 2020: The UK government has to decide by this date whether to enter the negotiation phase for the free trade agreement extended beyond the end of 2020. According to the provisions in the exit agreement, this is possible once for one or two years - i.e. until the end of 2021 or the end of 2022. Prime Minister Boris Johnson has categorically excluded an extension.

The EU and Great Britain want to do what they can to ensure that a decision is made by this date Fisheries agreement close. According to the political declaration of both sides on future relations, this is to ensure that "the fishing opportunities for the first year after the transition period" can be set in good time.

Brexit timetable: Autumn 2020 - agreements must now take shape

October / November 2020: Without an extension, negotiations must now be completed in order to ratify the agreement. If it is a pure trade agreement, only the European Parliament has to approve it on the EU side. However, if areas such as services, financial transactions, data or investment protection are also included, then the national - and depending on the Member State - even regional parliaments be necessary.

Brexit completed? Even after New Year's Eve 2020, the process should continue

December 31, 2020: Once the free trade agreement is passed, Great Britain will also leave the internal market and the customs union. This would be the last direct connections from 47 years of British EU membership finally capped. However, there are likely to be further negotiations on many areas, as not all of them can be settled in the short time until the end of 2020.

All other important facts about Brexit can be found in this article. The “A to Z” of Brexit could also be illuminating. A referendum, a Brexit and a border on the island of Ireland. What exactly will Brexit change and what are the effects?

AFP / fn