Why is Nelson Mandela famous
Nelson Mandela - a biography
Wanted poster: Nelson Mandela
- Surname: Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
- Life data: July 18, 1918 to December 5, 2013
- Nationality: south african
- Quote: "Even with a hug you can immobilize a political opponent"
In the fight against racial segregation in Africa, civil rights activist Nelson Mandela accepted everything, including three decades in captivity. Once at large, he became South Africa's first black president and a hero of an entire nation.
How Nelson Mandela lived
On July 18, 1918, Rolihlahla (translated "troublemaker") was born near Mthatha, a town in South Africa. He started studying at the age of 19. Since his university was in English, his maiden name was also translated: Rolihlhla was now called Nelson Mandela.
He has always been interested in politics. Nelson Mandela wanted to campaign for the rights of black Africans, who at the time were severely disadvantaged compared to whites.
Members of his tribe were supposed to get married as soon as possible. To avoid his own forced marriage, Nelson Mandela fled to Johannesburg. Shortly before, his university had already kicked him out for political activities. In his new home he worked for a while as a security guard, boxer and lawyer. Nelson Mandela tried to get a law degree through distance learning, but was never able to do so because of his political activities.
How Nelson Mandela changed the world
With the elections in 1948 a state of emergency occurred in South Africa. The so-called "apartheid"(translated as" segregation ") stipulated strict racial segregation. Whites and blacks were not allowed to speak to each other in public places. Blacks were exploited and mainly used for hard work. In addition, they were not allowed to enter the city center, let alone the city, without a permit Most of them didn't even have access to water or electricity.
Nelson Mandela began to fight for the rights of black Africans as chairman of the African National Congress "ANC Youth League". As Mahatma Gandhi had shown in India, Mandela also developed a concept of peaceful protest. His organization was banned by the state and Mandela was imposed on the rule not to leave the country.
In 1964, after breaking this rule, he was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment on the dreaded Robben Island prison for his political activities. It was not until 1990, after 26 years in prison, that Nelson Mandela was released with the help of the African President Frederik de Klerk. Together they both received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for their fight against racial segregation.
A year later, Nelson Mandela was named first black president of South Africa elected. He implemented new laws and thus put an end to apartheid. White and black were finally equal and Nelson Mandela their hero. Even after his presidency ended in 1999, Mandela fought vigorously against political injustices, most recently in the Iraq war.
On December 5, 2013, Nelson Mandela finally died of pneumonia after months of care in South Africa.
International Nelson Mandela Day
Even after his death, the famous Nobel Peace Prize laureate will not be forgotten. Every year on July 18, Nelson Mandela's birthday, "International Nelson Mandela Day" is celebrated in his honor. The day of remembrance was launched on the initiative of the United Nations and is intended to encourage humanitarian behavior.#Subjects
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