What is the best programming language for beginners
Simple programming languages for beginners
What is the easiest programming language for beginners? Which programming language should you use to learn programming? In the following article you will find specific recommendations and helpful tips on the most important selection criteria.
Learning to program is a difficult and long journey. If you go hundreds of kilometers in the wrong direction, you will most likely break off the difficult journey and just sit on your couch. For this reason, you should calmly consider which programming language you want to start with.
Table of Contents
The selection criteria
Which programming language is best to get started with depends on many different factors. You will never get an unequivocal answer.
Are you looking for a programming language that you can learn particularly easily? Are you looking for a programming language for a very specific area of application? Should the programming language open up the best opportunities for you in your job? Or maybe you prefer the maximum possible salary? Should it just be the most popular programming language?
Depending on how your answer turns out, a different programming language should always be best. In addition, there are several sources for each area of application and you will not always get the same result. Nevertheless, we want to give you a few recommendations for the most important areas. A good place to go is, for example, the developer survey at Stack Overflow.
The best prospects for the job and the salary?
What do developers want?
Would you like to work in a specific area?
Then it will be difficult for you. The programming language PHP is passionately hated by many programmers because, from a purely technical point of view, it is not a good programming language. On the other hand, most web pages are made up of PHP code. As a web developer, you will hardly get around this programming language.
Would you like to create perfectly running programs if possible and get really deep into the field of computer science? Then the classic programming languages like C, the much more practical C ++ and of course Java are much better suited. All 3 programming languages are extremely powerful, are used by many companies in the commercial sector and allow you to do basic work. Java is a good introduction to the world of programming languages, C actually not at all and C ++ at most for programmers who are really serious!
Are you looking for a programming language that is easy to learn?
Two well-known programming languages are clear winners here, if you look, for example, at which programming courses are predominantly offered at American universities: Here the programming languages Python and Java are far ahead. This is followed by the programming language Matlab (best suited for mathematical matters), C and C ++. The latter two are increasingly being replaced by the Java programming language.
The main programming languages
At least at first glance, it is an extremely understandable programming language and therefore the right choice if you want to work in the web backend or in the data area. Python is a simple programming language. Despite the lack of meticulous precision in the syntax, the programming language convinces with great application possibilities. Even years after it was first introduced, Python is still widely used.
CSS and HTML
You can easily learn both markup languages and benefit from quick results. HTML and CSS are indispensable for programmers who develop front ends (front pages) of Internet pages. Both markup languages are therefore the absolute standard for web developers.
The programming language provides you with a solid foundation and with this you can learn other programming languages more easily and quickly. With C you will learn how to program properly and you will immediately see how your program interacts with your hardware. The programming language requires a lot of discipline from you, but it also trains you excellently for the future. C and the object-oriented version C ++ are widespread in the IoT (Internet of Things). In addition, the programming languages play an important role in game development, in 3D programming as well as in the areas of robotics and machine controls.
The programming language is also widely used and can be used for many different purposes. Java offers you an excellent basis for your technological training at work. If you want to program mobile applications for Android devices in the future or create large service-oriented applications in the enterprise sector, you should definitely start with Java.
Many startups program their websites with Ruby. The programming language was practically invisible for a long time and only gained international fame with the publication of the Ruby framework. Just like with Java, everything here is an object and this is a certain challenge for many people from the point of view of understanding. Above all, the inventor of the programming language wanted developers to enjoy programming with the language.
If you want to concentrate exclusively on web development, PHP is particularly suitable for getting started. The programming language is still used on most of the popular websites and also has a large community. PHP offers you a large number of different frameworks with which you can create either industry-specific or general applications. Unfortunately, PHP's API is not as clean, consistent and well thought-out as other programming languages (including Java). In addition, the longer term future of the programming language is not certain. It seems that PHP is currently being overtaken by many other technologies and may not play a major role in the future.
My conclusion: Phyton is the easiest programming language for beginners
The programming language has established itself over the last few years as a real "egg-laying woolly pig". You will find countless discussions on the internet about whether Python is just a scripting language or a proper programming language. However, you can make it a lot easier for yourself: The phyton inventor "Guido von Rossum" describes Python as one universal general purpose programming language and this statement is really well chosen. You can use the programming language to write smaller scripts for everyday administrators and you can just as easily program monolithic desktop applications for customers.
Regardless of this, the code is always easy to read and this helps you a lot when getting started. In addition, you benefit from countless free learning materials, fully-fledged online tutorials, training programs for your desktop and programming aids directly in your browser. Even after the initial learning phase, if you want to get productive, the world of programming language supports itself with many useful and free libraries. Such “libraries” contain, among other things, standard functions that not every developer has to reinvent for every type of project. For example, you can use NumPy to recreate countless Matlab functions - NumPy is even available free of charge.
Python convinces with the best overall package: The programming language is loved by developers, is open source and is preferred by teachers because Python is absolutely universally applicable. In addition, the tools for programming and learning are abundant and you can try your hand at hundreds of thousands of open source projects with the first smaller hacks - but Phyton remains easy to read. For these reasons, the programming language is also our recommendation for all beginners.
One last helpful tip
If you have a relative or a buddy who programs himself and whom you can pound with questions, it is best to use their preferred language. In spite of the innumerable documentation on the Internet: You will certainly ask yourself a lot of questions at the beginning that the Internet does not always answer completely. If it concerns important questions about syntax, you will have to search the Internet for hours, although a reasonably experienced programmer can answer the questions in a few minutes.
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