How did different languages ​​originate from India?

The top 10 most widely spoken languages

If you add up all the major, minor, and locally spoken languages, you get around 7,000 different languages. If you were to add all of the sub-languages ​​and dialects, you would probably end up with an unimaginably large number of ways of speaking. But what language do you use to reach most people? How far can you get with German?

There are different opinions about what ultimately constitutes a language, a dialect or a sub-dialect. The numbers from the various studies also often differ. However, the trends are clearly evident. That's why we're introducing you to the top 10 most used languages ​​around the world, spoken by native speakers and as a second language.

# 10 - Portuguese

Portuguese is another European Romance language with around 237 million speakers and is spoken in Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tomé and Principe, East Timor, Mozambique, and the Cape Verde Islands. The largest group of speakers is not to be found in Portugal, as expected, but in Brazil. The pronunciation is different and you can't just understand each other. Most Portuguese understand Brazilian Portuguese, but the other way round, Portuguese seems to be less understandable.

# 9 - Bengali

Bengali is spoken by about 262 million people. These are mainly located in eastern India and Bangladesh. After the division of the country of Bengal by the British, the language persisted in this region. According to estimates of global population growth, the number of speakers will continue to increase sharply in the future.

# 8 - Russian

The Slavic language is mainly spoken in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Russian is the official language in these countries. Russian is also used in the Baltic States as well as Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Together there are 264 million speakers. Russian makes use of the Cyrillic alphabet. As in many languages, there are also some words in Russian that were taken directly from German. For example, "landscape" and "turnpike" are common expressions in Russian.

# 7 - Malay

The 281 speakers are made up of Indonesian and Malay, as the two languages ​​are very related and use the same language base. As a result, Malay, also known as Bahasa Melayu, is spoken mainly in Indonesia and Malaysia, as well as in Singapore, Brunei, East Timor and southern Thailand. The majority of the speakers are people who use Malay as a second language rather than their mother tongue.

# 6 - French

There are around 77 million native French speakers. However, the total number of French speakers is 285 million. In Canada in particular, French is learned almost everywhere as a second language and is even the official language in the capital Toronto and the wider area. Also due to the colonization of many areas in the Caribbean and Africa and the strong French influence throughout Europe, French is strongly represented in the second languages.

# 5 - Arabic

Because of its multitude of strongly differing dialects, Arabic must actually be designated as a language group. There are four main dialect groups that have developed geographically: Western (Maghrebi), Central (including Egypt), North (including Levantic Sea, Iraq) and South (including Gulf, Hejazi, Yemen). Classical Arabic is also a written language that is seen as the mother tongue of the Islamic world. The Arabic script is read and written from right to left. The number of speakers of all languages ​​in the language group is estimated at 422 million.

# 4 - Spanish

Spanish is spoken in 21 countries. The language is derived from Latin, with the historical origin being the Iberian Peninsula. This subspecies of the Romance language, spread through the growing Roman Empire in antiquity, is also called Castilian. There are also different dialects in Spanish. The best known is Catalan, spoken in Catalonia (Barcelona and the surrounding area). Most of the speakers are found in Latin America, together with the speakers in Spain there are around 513 million. Spanish is also easier to learn than many other languages ​​and is therefore also suitable as a world language.

# 3 - Hindi / Urdu

There are several official languages ​​in India and numerous other languages ​​spoken in the various provinces. The number of official languages ​​with different tribes is over 120. Currently, Hindi makes up most of the languages ​​used in India and is the main language of education. There are almost 700 million speakers inside and outside India. Hindi belongs to the particularly large family of Indo-Aryan languages, which is spread across almost the entire Indian subcontinent. There are also several scriptures, where Devanagari is used for Hindi.

# 2 - Chinese

Chinese and Mandarin, the most common form of Chinese, are mainly spoken in the People's Republic of China, Taiwan, Malaysia and also New York. With demanding grammar and more than ten thousand characters, Chinese is not easy to learn. Chinese translations are hard work. With the many different dialects and variations of the language, there are different results on the number of speakers worldwide. The numbers for this amount to around 1.1 billion. This means that, on average, one in six people speaks Chinese.

# 1 - English

In addition to the approximately 378 million native speakers, an estimated three quarters of a billion people speak English as another language they have learned. The West Germanic language emerged from the former Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England, now Great Britain. English owes its status as the world language to a large extent to the culturally and economically dominant United States, which in turn became the language of choice when England was conquered in the Middle Ages. Today a distinction is made between American English and British English. The worldwide spread of English-language films, TV programs and music, as well as the relatively simple grammar, mean that English is more accessible than many other languages. English is rightly at number 1 in our top 10.

And German? Isn't the German language also important in the world?

Until a few years ago, German was part of this list in tenth place. Although there are relatively few native speakers, a large number of people use German as an everyday second language. And these speakers are scattered across the globe. In addition, German still has an influence on other languages. Nevertheless, it makes sense to master another language with which you can get further than German. And if you are unsure about what you want to say - no matter in what form - you can still have it professionally translated.

The ranking of the most widely spoken languages

ranklanguageMain landNumber of countriesSpeakers in millions
1EnglishGreat Britain991.121
2ChineseChina331.107
3Hindu / UrduIndia10697
4SpanishSpain31513
5ArabicSaudi Arabia60422
6FrenchFrance51285
8RussianRussia16264
9BengaliBangladesh14262
10PortuguesePortugal12237

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