What are cultural systems

Edgar Schein's cultural model - cultural systems

Cultural model and the impact on organizational culture

Edgar Schein's cultural model is generally accepted as valid, as he examined culture very closely to the area of ​​application and effects on leadership and organizational development. In 1985, Schein divided the organizational culture as a learning, thinking and action system into three levels.

Three levels of organizational culture

The top or outermost level are the artifacts that include technology and objects such as language, human behavior, and works of art. Examples in the cultural framework of the organization are dress regulations, greetings, but also compliance with or non-compliance with rules. Signs and drive structures are evident here, but the emotional and cognitive elements are difficult to see.

The drivers of the artifacts are partly located in the next level of collective values. Behavior is influenced by values ​​and norms. This works best when the values ​​can be traced back to the individual's own experiences, are viewed independently as support for problem solving and are not only prescribed by management principles.

The existential core of the organization is the lowest level of the basic assumptions. These include the relationship to the environment, prevailing images and human actions, the basis of interpersonal relationships and the perception of reality and truth. These are unconscious long-term constant principles which, however, considerably influence behavior that is perceived as correct. On the one hand, they can prevent personal and organizational development of resources, on the other hand, they can help to deal with cultural fears and problems from the ground up.

In addition, the continuous learning process, thus culture as social learning, is also an important point in Schein's model.

Plane model according to Edgar Schein (graphic of the cultural model)

Evidence: Edgar H. Schein: Organizational Culture. "The Ed Schein Corporate Culture Survival Guide" (2003)

You can find more information about Edgar Schein at: http://www.scheinocli.org/

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