Why does October have two birthstones
Gemstones have always had a special charm on people. This is mainly due to the fact that every gemstone is said to have a special, positive property. This is not limited to an esoteric effect. The medicinal properties of gemstones were discovered as early as the Middle Ages. The books about the healing stones that arose from this became the basis of today's esotericism. Of course, this has not yet happened to the extent that it is possible with the current state of science. Nowadays they are mainly used as jewelry or talismans. Gemstones were first worn in Poland in the 15th century.
Using the Gregorian calendar, the individual gemstones were assigned the twelve calendar months, which were called “birthstones”, with each month bearing a different birthstone. In some cases, two or three birthstones are assigned to a month. The birthstones are intended to give the wearer different attributes during the current month. If, for example, April has come, the wearer of a diamond should be inspired with love and security. Due to the varying cost and availability of the gemstones, the birthstones changed over the course of several centuries. Nevertheless, care was taken to ensure that the changed gemstones looked similar to their predecessors in terms of color and shape. It was not until much later that gemstones were assigned to the zodiac signs.
Birthstones in January
Monthly stones: garnet, rose quartz
The birthstones in January are the garnet and rose quartz, with the garnet being more popular. The name garnet is derived from the Latin word "granatum". It is the gem of the building and the new beginning and thus also symbolizes the beginning of the New Year. New opportunities should arise. In addition, it should have the ability to indicate misfortune when it loses its shine. Its intense red color is evidence of longevity, grace and prestige. The garnet is supposed to protect against mishaps. In the Middle Ages the garnet was worn to protect against demons, poisons and wounds. Its healing properties are primarily related to depression, fever, bleeding and inflammation. So it is mainly limited to the bloodstream.
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Birthstones in February
Monthly stones: amethyst, onyx
The birthstones amethyst and onyx belong to February. The violet amethyst, which belongs to the genus of quartz, is used more frequently. Its healing properties are attributed to drunkenness. This is also derived from its Greek name "emthystos". In ancient Rome, the amethyst was used regularly when wine drinkers met to drink. In the Middle Ages, the amethyst was worn for protection from magic, distracted sleep and for victory in battle. The gemstone is said to enable restful sleep and pleasant dreams. It is the symbol of security, sincerity and spiritual peace and enables inner purification.
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Birthstones in March
Month stones: aquamarine, tourmaline, jasper
The aquamarine, tourmaline and jasper are the monthly stones of March. The best known of these three gemstones is the aquamarine, which belongs to the genus Beryl. As you can see from the name, it stands for the element water and is derived from the Latin word “aqua” - by the way, it got its name from the ancient Romans around the birth of Christ. This is also the reason for its deep blue color. The people of the Middle Ages used the aquamarine as an antidote to poison and for divination. According to tradition, the aquamarine was washed ashore from the oceans with stone caskets. This aspect results in the property that it offers protection against dangers in the sea and when traveling. It should guarantee a safe return home and guard against malice and deception.
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Birthstones in April
Month stones: diamond, rock crystal
People born in April are under the influence of the precious diamond and rock crystal, with the diamond playing a more important role in esotericism. A particularly valuable diamond is colorless. This is based on the fact that it should represent purity and innocence. Because of its hardness, however, it also stands for the power of nature and life. It is the symbol of love and is supposed to convey security and happiness in money matters. With its positive effect, it should create unity of mind and feelings. The diamond is also understood as the “king of precious stones”.
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Birthstones in May
Month stones: emerald
The green of the emerald is the mirror of spring and a link between man and nature. It is the most precious gem of the beryl family and symbolizes harmony, friendship and openness. In the Middle Ages it was used to prevent epilepsy, stop bleeding, lower fevers and prevent any kind of panic. According to various statements, it also contains the power to relieve the pain of stressed eyes. It has also been said to help predict the future. The emerald is the symbol of love and rebirth and a guarantee for growing prosperity.
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Birthstones in June
Month stones: alexandrite, pearl, moonstone
The birthstones of June are completely different in themselves.
The pearl is the epitome of the beauty of nature. It is also intended to promote the beauty of the person who wears it. In mythology it was said that the pearl fell from the sky into the sea in the first hours of sunshine in the morning and was swallowed by shellfish. The color of the pearl therefore depends on the mollusc that produced it. It is said that the pearl can mainly cure mental illnesses. They are still used in medicine today. In the Middle Ages, knights wanted to protect themselves from harm by wearing a pearl. Today it stands above all for leading people to dreamlike bliss.
The alexandrite bears the name of Prince Alexander of Russia and the later Tsar Alexander II, who lived around 1855. It is very rare and therefore very expensive. Alexandrite is worn to strengthen one's intuition.
The third birthstone of June is the moonstone, which is said to allow you to see your own future through it in dreams. In addition, it is the symbol of fertility and is therefore primarily associated with women.
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Birthstones in July
Month stones: ruby
Those born in July have the ruby as a monthly stone. This is derived from the Latin word "ruber" - that is, red. The people in the Middle Ages respected the ruby because of its ability to heal bleeding and the aspect that it should provide protection against evil thoughts. However, if the stone darkened, it was an omen of death - the stone warned the population of impending problems and diseases. It should give its wearer prestige, dignity, courage, energy, boldness and invincibility and thus ensure a long life. There are many admirers behind the wearer of a ruby.
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Birthstones in August
Monthly stones: peridot, sardonyx, aventurine
The primary birthstone of August is the peridot. In earlier times the peridot was the symbol of the sun. It gives the wearer maturity, sagacity and a clear vision. These qualities ensure determination and success. It has been said that the effectiveness of herbs can be increased by ingesting them from a peridot chalice.
Other birthstones are the sardonyx and the aventurine. The Greek name "sard" is derived from the red-brown color of the sardonyx. The stone is supposed to fulfill the attribute of giving bravery and courage to its wearer. In later history its effect was more limited to the art of speaking.
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Birthstones in September
Monthly stones: sapphire, lapis lazuli
The sapphire is the birthstone of September. It derives its name from the Latin word "sappheiros" - in German "blue". The ancient Persians believed that the earth rested on a sapphire and therefore called it the "heavenly stone". He is considered a symbol of truth and sincerity and is the representative of a pure soul. That is why priests in particular wore a sapphire in the Middle Ages, which was supposed to drive away impure thoughts. It is supposed to protect against harm, envy and infidelity and to give the wearer wisdom, virtue and peace of mind. Wearing a sapphire should focus more on the concerns of the people in the area. The sapphire is a stone of empathy.
Another September birthstone is lapis lazuli.
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Birthstones in October
Month stones: opal, tourmaline
There are also two birthstones in October.
The opal got its name from the Latin word "opalus", which means something like precious stone. For the ancient Romans it was a symbol of love and hope - it was also called "the anchor of hope". When an opal changed color, it is believed in the Middle Ages that it was an indication of the wearer's health. Its healing properties were intended for the heart. These assumptions changed in the 14th century, when “the black death” cost many people their lives. The people of that time associated the opal with this suffering. If he changed his appearance and lost its shine, it was a sign that someone had died. Today we know that this change is due to temperature fluctuations. The black opal is the most valuable gemstone of its kind. It is said to inspire the imagination and convey an unusual wealth of knowledge and intellectual powers. In addition, the gemstone is said to lead to beauty, success and happiness.
The second stone of the month of October is the tourmaline. Its name is derived from the Sri Lankan word "tourmalli", which translates as "something small from the earth". Tourmaline comes in many different colors - from yellow, green and red to blue, pink, brown, black and multicolored. As the “stone of peace” it is still known today and some people believe in its calming effect to relieve anxiety.
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Birthstones in November
Monthly stones: citrine, topaz
The name of the first birthstone in November, that of topaz, stands for "fire". It was said that the topaz sprang from the Red Sea and in ancient times it was even believed that the stone actually contained a control over heat. It should be able to cool a fever and suppress anger. The Greeks said of the topaz that the bearer of the stone would become invisible in difficult situations. Other peoples valued his power to cure insomnia, strengthen the spirit, and increase wisdom. Therefore, the stone was ground into powder and added to wine to prevent insomnia. The topaz occurs in all color ranges, with the red topaz being the most valuable of its kind. Today it is believed that the topaz should clear your head and prevent you from rushing into an adventure or entering into connections, obligations and business. In addition, it should bring perseverance, cheerfulness and reputation. The topaz symbolizes wisdom and power and thus supports tasks with responsibility.
The citrine got its name from the French word for "lemon". It used to be worn to protect against snakes and evil thoughts. In contrast to other gemstones, citrine is cheap and is also known as the "golden quartz". If the citrine comes in a rather dark color, i.e. a dark brown, it is also called Madeira. Today the stone is associated with loyalty, hope, youth and health.
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Birthstones in December
Monthly stones: turquoise, zirconia
According to stories, the turquoise was brought to Europe from Venice by merchants who bought it in Turkey. It is one of the earliest known stones that were used for jewelry. So he was already in the old tombs until 5000 BC. Found in South America, Central America and Mexico. With the Incas it was mainly used to make figures and pearls. The Aztecs used it to create masks and pendants. The people in the Middle Ages decorated their vessels with it. Over the years, however, it was mainly used for jewelry such as necklaces, earrings or rings. The turquoise was said to be thrown into the river in connection with a prayer in order to receive rain. However, the said forces changed steadily over time. If the topaz changed its color, this could have different meanings. For one, it was believed that this was a sign of the woman's infidelity. It was also believed that the change in color would also change the weather. Through the mixture of the colors green and blue, it symbolizes the green grass of the earth and the blue sky. Because of its color, it is often confused with the aquamarine. Today it is believed that turquoise gives a quick grasp, the ability to react quickly, as well as perseverance and assertiveness.
The name of the second birthstone, zirconia, is derived from the Arabic words “zar” for “gold” and “gun” for “color”. The Arabs in particular love its orange-red hue. It was believed that it would protect against insomnia and protect travelers from injuries and local diseases. If it lost its shine, people were in danger.
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