What is selfish anarchism
Ethical egoism describes a philosophical maxim and its ethical justification, according to which one can or should be guided in one's actions entirely by what, in one's own opinion, is best for oneself.
Individual representatives of an ethical egoism
An early advocate of an ethical egoism was Max Stirner, who is in his main work The only one and his property as Nietzsche and Freud anticipating depth psychological thinkers whose concept of egoism rejects that of Homo oeconomicus (reinterpreted as a human image) as only superficial. True selfish self-interest can therefore only be pursued by those who have freed themselves from the norms introjected and internalized in the course of their enculturation (Freud's super-ego).
Around 1900, Stirner's biographer John Henry Mackay represented a modified version of Stirner's teaching reduced by its psychological content, the individualistic anarchism founded by Benjamin Tucker (“Equal Freedom for All”).
Ayn Rand, who set himself apart from Stirner and Mackay and worked primarily in the USA, represented a newer version of ethical egoism in the middle of the 20th century. In her objectivistic philosophy, Rand sees the use of reason as a basic prerequisite for truly selfish action and defines clear moral principles that should guide selfish action.
Another prominent author, who is often referred to as a representative of an ethical egoism, was the Marquis de Sade, although the characters he invented often crossed the line into amorality. A corresponding example of de Sade's egoism is the worldview of the bandit captain "Eisenherz", which appears repeatedly in his main work Justine.
- ↑ Dieter Birnbacher: Analytical Introduction to Ethics, 2nd edition, 2007, ISBN 3110194422, page 331, online
- ↑ Thomas Müller: Unternehmensethik und Corporate Citizenship, 2009, ISBN 3836652463, page 60, online
- ↑ cf. Bernd A. Laska: The negation of the irrational super-ego in Max Stirner. In: Anarchism and Pedagogy. Studies on a Forgotten Tradition, ed. v. Ulrich Klemm. Frankfurt / M .: dipa-Verlag 1991, pp. 33-44
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