Who was Allama Iqbal

Heidelberg History Association


Muhammad Iqbal (Alama Iqbal)

* 9. November 1877 Sialkot, Punjab, British India

† 21. April 1938 Lahore, Punjab, British India

Indian poet and philosopher, is considered the "spiritual father" of Pakistan

1893-1895: Attended Scotch Mission College in Sialkot

1897: Bachelor of Arts in Arabic and Philosophy from Government College, Lahore

1899: Master of Arts in Philosophy from Government College, Lahore

1901: Publication of his first book "Illmul-Iqtasad " (Study of economics), Lahore

1903: Assistant at Government College, Lahore

1905: trip to Europe. Studied philosophy and law at Cambridge

June 1907: learns German in Heidelberg. Lives at Neuenheimer Landstrasse 58 (Pension Scherrer). Studied philosophy and literature in Heidelberg and Munich

November 1907: Doctorate at the Philosophical Faculty of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich with the Semitist Friedrich Hommel With: The Development of Metaphysics in Persia ’

1907-1908: Professor of Arabic at the University of London

1908: Practice as a lawyer in Lahore (-1934). Half professor for philosophy and English literature

1911: Professor of Philosophy, Government College, Lahore

January 1, 1923: ennobled by the British Crown for his poetic achievements (Sir Muhammad Iqbal, Knight Bachelor)

1927: Elected to the Legislative Assembly of Punjab Province

1927/28: Lecture tour (Universities of Delhi, Aligarh and Madras). At the same time active in the All IndiaMuslim Leaguewhich has existed since 1906 and which seeks to create a Muslim equilibrium with the Hindu-dominated Congress Party.

December 30, 1930: President of the annual meeting of the Muslim League in Allahabad, where he spoke out in public for the first time in favor of a Muslim state in northwestern India

1931-1932: Participation in the Round Table Conference in London to solve the "Indian question"

1931: Vice-President of the Islamic Congress in Jerusalem. Travels to France, Spain, Italy.

1932: Javidnama, Book of Eternity (German 1957)

1933: Honorary Doctor of Literature from Punjab University

Autumn 1933: invited to Kabul to plan the Afghan university, where he suffers from a larynx disease followed by other diseases.

April 21, 1938: dies in Lahore. Buried at the Badschahi Mosque

February 14, 1969: in the presence of the Pakistani ambassador it will Iqbal shore named in Heidelberg-Bergheim

> Iqbal-Ufer (Bergheim, memorial plaque)

> Memorial plaque Neuenheimer Landstrasse 58 (1966)


Muhammad Iqbal, The Revival of Religious Thought in Islam. Berlin 32011


Annemarie Schimmel, Muhammad Iqbal - prophetic poet and philosopher. Munich 1989 (excerpt: "When a Pakistani hockey team came to Frankfurt in the early 1960s, their first visit was to the Goethe House; because they knew Goethe's name as it had inspired their revered national poet Muhammad Iqbal! ")

On the 100th birthday of Sir Dr. Mohammad Iqbal, the thinker and poetic reformer of Islam. Special publication by the cultural department of the Iranian embassy, ​​Bonn-Bad Godesberg

Ruperto Carola Volume 40, 1966

Khurram Ali Shafique, Iqbal. An illustrated Biography, (Iqbal Academy) Pakistan 2006

http://www.bremen.com/~mediatent/history/iqbal.htm (Muhammad Iqbal - prophetic poet and philosopher by Annemarie Schimmel)

http://writtenencounters.blogspot.de/2010/04/allama-iqbal-in-heidelberg.htmlhttp://www.allamaiqbal.com/publications/journals/review/apr06/08.htm (IQBAL, THE POET, Dr . Thomas Stemmer)

http://www.sai.uni-heidelberg.de/saireport/2007/sai_report_2007.html (South Asia Institute, A century of Iqbal in Heidelberg, An Evening (On the banks of the river Neckar / Heidelberg))

http://www.eslam.de/begriffe/i/iqbal.htm (Encyclopedia of Islam)

http://www.isar-arabesken.de/places/vorbild/iqbal.html (memorial stone for Iqbal at Habsburger Platz in Munich)