Belongs to Maharashtra in South India

Maharashtra

The third largest Indian state of Maharashtra is bounded in the west by the Arabian Sea and is a neighboring state to Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Goa. Mahrashtra covers an area of ​​308,000 km² and the population is 112,374,333. The largest city in India Mumbai (formerly Bombay) is the capital of this state. The main languages ​​are Marathi and English.

history

According to tradition, today's Maharashtra was part of the Mauryan Empire. After the fall of the Mauryan, Maharashtra was ruled by different dynasties, all of which had a decisive influence on the culture of Maharashtra. The region was subsequently ruled by the Satavahanas, Vakatas, Rashtrakutas, Kalachuris, Chalukayas and Yadhavas. In the 11th century AD, the Delhi Sultanate took control. The sultans were overthrown by the Bahmani, who ruled until the end of the 15th century. The 17th century saw the sudden rise of the Maraths, Hindu warriors from the area who grew into a powerful force under the rule of Shivaji. Peshwa's victory over Shivaji put an end to his reign and went hand in hand with the formation of a Maratha empire that stretched from Gwalior in the north to Tanjore in the south. In the 18th century, Maharashtra became part of the Bombay Presidency under British rule. In 1960 Gujarat and Maharashtra were separated and Maharashtra was granted state status.

economy

Around 65% of all employees work in agriculture. The main crops are rice, jowar, bajara, wheat, tur, mung, urad, gram and other legumes. Maharashtra is the main producer of oil seeds including peanuts, sunflowers and soybeans. In addition, fruits such as mangoes, bananas and oranges are grown. With a contribution of 13% to the national industrial output, Maharashtra is India's leading industrial state. The state's main industrial products are chemical & related products, machinery & machine parts, textiles, petroleum, pharmaceutical products, iron & steel castings, jewelry and plastic.

Cities and sights

tourism

Structural remains from over 2,000 years ago can still be found in Maharashtra today, untouched and free from weathering. There are approximately 175 forts in the state of Maharashtra. Almost all of them are located on a subsoil of eroded lava and were built along the Sahyadri and Satpura mountains. One of the most famous fortresses is on the coast near Murud-Janjira. It is an island fortress that belonged to the Siddis of Abyssinia. Despite several attempts, the Portuguese, British and the Marathas failed to take the fortress. In addition to the cultural sights, which also include numerous temples, the beaches Juhu, Versova, Madh, Marne, Manori and Gorai invite you to relax.

Climate & geography

Maharashtra can be divided into two geographical zones. The plateau that is part of the Deccan plateau and the Kokan coastline. The coast is about 720 km long and has a maximum width of 80 km. The Western Ghats run parallel to the coastline further east. Typical of the landscape of Maharashtra is the large amount of volcanic rock and the existence of lava beds, which resemble black belts, crisscross the landscape. Maharashtra is characterized by a tropical monsoon climate.