How to throw a soccer ball correctly

Football technique - the technique of the throw-in

The rule dictates the technology

  • If the ball is played over the touchline, the team that did not touch the ball last receives a throw-in.
  • The throw-in must be taken from where the ball left the field.
  • The player throwing in must turn his face towards the field of play.
  • Each foot must touch at least part of the sideline or the ground outside the field.
  • There is no minimum distance to the edge of the field.
  • The ball is thrown over the head from behind with both hands.
  • The minimum distance between the field players and the thrower is two meters.
  • If an opposing player interferes with the thrower, he receives a yellow card.
  • A goal cannot be scored directly from a throw-in and the offside position is canceled.
  • The thrower may only play the ball again when another player in the field has touched the ball.
  • If the thrower violates the throw-in rule, the opposing team receives the throw-in.

Frequent rule violations when throwing in

Proper execution problems often arise when:

  • The teammate is too close to the thrower. It can be observed again and again that the ball is then already released behind or on the head or guided far in front of the body, even professionals have difficulties with this.
  • A foot is lifted or jumped when being thrown.
  • The thrower crosses the line.

However, these difficulties can be eliminated through targeted training. If the teammate is close to the throw-in, the arm swing must be reduced, then an accurate, regular throw-in is still possible. In addition, the throw-in can be placed halfway up or at head height. This is of course far too difficult not only for beginners and as a coach it is better to instruct the players to keep a slightly larger distance from the thrower.
When practicing the throw-in, it goes without saying that you should pay close attention to stepping over or lifting your feet.

The optimal throw-in

The throw-in is only optimal if the throwing-in team remains in possession of the ball, it's that simple.

Basically, the throw-in is promoted in the direction of the opponent's goal, because processing the ball often causes problems and there is a high risk of giving the opponent an advantage from your own throw-in. A throw towards one's own goal can only be made if the teammate can control the ball without any pressure from the opponent.

If the distance between the thrown player and the thrower is close, it is advisable to let the ball hit the thrower again. This must of course move into the field and be freely playable. He then has the playing field in front of him again, while the player who is thrown at mostly has his back to the opposing goal and has to orient himself first.
If a return game to the throw-in is not possible, the recipient of the ball can try to control the ball or pass it on directly to another player.

It doesn't go any further, but it can also be more successful

The long throw-in is noticeable in football and is therefore often carried out when it is not at all appropriate, just breadless art.

Mostly it is thrown far in order to threaten the opposing goal directly from the throw-in. To throw the ball directly in front of the goal, it has to fly 30 to 40 meters. Not many can do this and that's why you often see the variant of the header extension.
The long throw-in with its effect on counter-attack is underestimated. Throws can be thrown into free spaces and there are enough of them, especially in youth football and in the lower divisions. Try the following variant: the player in the field runs towards the thrower and turns in the other direction shortly before the throw. The thrower throws the ball over the defender into the free space to the started teammate.

Switching quickly can also lead to great advantages. Therefore, if the ball goes sideways, pick up the ball as quickly as possible, orientate yourself and throw in, if the situation allows it. If not, switch to "sleep mode" immediately and carry out the throw-in in a controlled manner.

How does a player throw the ball as far as possible?

It is not just the strength in the arms that ensures great expanse. The trajectory, the swing, the body tension, the fluid flow and the additional use of the hands are the reasons.
The two researchers Nicholas Linthorne and David Everett from the University of Brunel in Uxbridge claim to have found that a ball flies furthest when it is thrown at an angle of about 30 degrees and with a slight backward spin. The backward spin is created with the hands by pulling them slightly under the ball just before the throw. However, one should be careful with this, because often the ball leaves the hands too early and then there is another problem with the rules.

More tips:

  • The throw-in is carried out from the run-up. First train the throw-in from a "starting step" and slowly increase the number of steps.
  • There is always the risk that at least one foot will be in the field when it is thrown.
  • Both hands are behind the ball, that's the rule. But what does "hands" mean? Try not to place the ball completely in the palms of your hands, but lightly, barely visible (!) On your fingers. The ball control when throwing and the throwing distance can be increased for many players.
  • When shedding we need body tension. The upper body is stretched like a quick bow, so we get additional dynamics from the body into the arms.
  • The arms should be pulled loosely but vigorously over the head from behind and the fingertips also press against the ball when throwing it.

In order to achieve perfection, it is important to achieve a smooth flow. The run-up, the body tension and the release are a uniform sequence of movements. After a little practice, the dynamics can be increased, but be careful:

Don't throw the ball on the opposite side ;-)

Uwe Bluhm