What are the tributaries of the Yamuna

Indian rivers Ganges and Yamuna become a legal entity

The two holy rivers should be better protected by the court ruling. Not only in India does a river have personal status.

The Ganges and another sacred river in India have been declared legal entities. The Ganges and its tributary Yamuna are "living beings with the status of a moral person," ruled a court in the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand. As a result, citizens can go to court on behalf of the rivers.

The classification is intended to help protect the two rivers from pollution more effectively. "The situation calls for extraordinary measures to protect and preserve these rivers," the court justified its decision. Sanjay Upadhyay, an environmental attorney, hopes "the symbolism of this decision will materialize on the spot."

Holy bath in the sewage

The Ganges is heavily polluted by industrial sewage and other sewage and garbage. The huge river nevertheless attracts Hindu pilgrims every day, who practice traditional rites there or scatter the ashes of deceased relatives. The Yamuna is also used by Hindus for ritual ablutions.

Last week, the New Zealand parliament had already declared the Whanganui River to be a legal entity because it is venerated as sacred by the Maori. The vote was considered the first such decision worldwide.

(APA / AFP)