Is KRK really rich

Krk city and surroundings

The island of Krk was inhabited as early as the Copper Age (3500 - 2000 BC) and the Bronze Age (2000 - 1200 BC).

Foundation: Liburnians, an Illyrian tribe

The founders of the city of Krk (10th century BC) were the Liburnians, one of over 70 Illyrian tribes.

The Liburnians were excellent shipbuilders and sailors. You earned your living with cattle breeding, agriculture, trade but also with piracy. They traded with an equally successful seafarer, the Greeks. The Krker were probably also mentioned in the Iliad (8th or 7th century BC) by Homer as the Curetes.

Expansion: Romans

The rising world power Rome defeated the Liburnians and made them allies. The Romans were a land power and the Libruns served on the ships of the Romans. There was a light and fast class of ships called Liburna in the Roman navy. In the year 49 BC, during the Roman civil war, the naval battle between Caesar and Pompey took place (approx. Where the current bridge is). The Romans built the city of Krk into a fortified city with a city wall (approx. 30 BC) and a castle, enclosed on 3 sides by the sea. An ancient bath house was also excavated with a beautiful mosaic. The city of Krk was the cultural and administrative center of the island of Krk as it is today. In contrast, the settlement of Fulfinium near Omisalj served as a retirement home for veteran legionnaires and reserve troops. The first Christian churches on the island of Krk were built in the towns of Krk and Omisalj.

Independent under the Byzantine Empire

After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the city of Krk was independent for a very long time and was under the protection of the Byzantine Empire from the 6th century. For centuries, tribute was paid in the form of furs and gold ducats. In 658 AD the Diocese of Krk was mentioned for the first time. The Croatians immigrated to the island of Krk from the 8th century. At the end of the 11th century the tablet was carved by Baska, the first written evidence that the island of Krk belonged to Croatia.

Independent under the Venetian Empire

The naval power of Venice reached more and more power in the Croatian sea area. Above all, the discovery of extracting salt from seawater was of great economic importance. The dynasty of Krk, the Francpoanen, had to levy taxes on Venice. Krk and the Kvarner region were under the sovereignty of Venice. You can see this e.g. on a tower of the castle in the town of Krk. Here is one of the Lion of Venice chiseled with an open book. If Buch is open the building was built in peacetime.

After the Venetians, the French, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Germany, Yugoslavia changed hands and finally after more than 500 years the island of Krk became part of Croatia again.

If you want to get a breath of more historical air, we recommend one of the 13 accommodations at Tower Krk - vacation in historic stone houses with a panoramic view.