Will democracy survive in India after 2019?

Hot spots in India - what threatens the world's largest democracy from within

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A country full of ethnicities and religions, united in a democracy. But tolerance towards minorities is falling.

India is a country full of differences: be it between rich and poor, city and country or between all the different religions and ethnic groups among the 1.4 billion inhabitants. The state proudly calls itself the largest democracy in the world.

Unifying a state that is full of such differences is difficult. India was established as a secular republic so none of its numerous religions or minorities were excluded. But the cohesion is fragile. The Hindu nationalist party BJP is attacking the very foundations of democracy. An overview of the current hot spots:

Cashmere: The conflict over Kashmir is currently the greatest concern of India. Kashmir is the only state in India with a Muslim majority. Until recently, the region had a special status. This allowed that only Kashmiri were allowed to buy land or hold public offices in this zone.

The special status was a condition for Kashmir, which became independent at the time, to join India. The incumbent Prime Minister Narendra Modi has now denied Kashmir's autonomy status. The reason he gave was that the special status was the reason for the unrest that occurs again and again in Kashmir.

The Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi stressed in an interview with SRF this week that the situation in Kashmir could quickly escalate.

Women's rights: Time and again, India is at the center of international attention because of brutal rape. Sexual violence against women is particularly common in rural parts of India.

In the “Gender Gap Index”, a ranking that the World Economic Forum (WEF) publishes annually, India was ranked 108th out of 149 countries in 2018. The index measures the gender gap based on the following four factors: economic opportunities, political capacity to act, educational attainment, and health and survival. In the last category, India even came third from the bottom.

A study by the scientific journal “The Lancet” also caused a stir. She found that in 2016, every third woman who committed suicide in the world was from India. According to the study, the suicide rate in India is twice as high as the global average.

Assam: In the Indian state, the government wants to take action against illegal immigrants. Here, too, the ruling BJP party is the driving force behind the new handling. For a new civil register, the residents had to prove that they were living in what is now Assam's area before March 25, 1971. On this day the war between Pakistan and what was then East Pakistan began, which led to independence and the re-establishment of Bangladesh.

Around 1.9 million residents were unable to provide evidence that they had lived in Assam before the cut-off date. You are now threatened with statelessness. Those affected have had 120 days to appeal since the beginning of August. But hardly anyone can afford a lawyer.

Assam is the state with the second highest Muslim population. Muslims are considered a minority in India. Over 200 million people of Muslim faith live in India.

SRF 4 News 6 p.m.; srf / bosr / zina; kurn

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  • Comment from Harald Buchmann (Harald_Buchmann)
    The civil war in Sikkim is not even mentioned here.
    Agree agree to the comment
  • Comment from M. Berger (Mila)
    India a democracy? - Hardly likely! As long as the caste system still functions and a distinction is made in 4 Varnas levels and outside of these societies the pariah etc. (untouchables) are. - Compatriots of a lower level are discriminated against because of their birth to this day, although discrimination has been forbidden since 1948. Child marriages still exist. In India, too, there is still so-called honor killing. Men regard their wives as property.
    Agree agree to the comment
  • Comment from Beat Reuteler (br)
    The CH triggers a small earthquake with the threatened privilege - withdrawal of a dual citizen, and India is currently threatening almost 2 million people with statelessness. Such a country is called democracy.
    Agree agree to the comment

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