What is an example of rhetoric

Rhetoric: linguistic means and stylistic figures

Metaphor, anaphor, epipher and ellipses, what was it? You will encounter these rhetorical devices more than once in German lessons. But what was what? So that you can get an overview of the linguistic means and stylistic figures and how to find them, we have listed them all on this page.

Repetition of the same consonant at the beginning of several words in a sentence.

Example: Veni, Vidi, Vici - I came, I saw, I won.
Repetition of a word or sentence at the beginning of several consecutive sentences.
Example: “Who would have thought that you could learn German so easily? Who would have thought that you could find everything you were looking for. Who would have thought that."
Words that are in contrast to one another are contrasted. The effect of the words is thus brought out more strongly.
Example: heaven and hell. Good and evil. Bright and dark. Black and white.
Repetition of the same sound in successive words.
Example: I hope you know Martin, I asked him.
This rhetorical figure is represented by omissions from clauses. This creates a short, concise expression. The missing parts of the sentence can be supplemented by contexts from the text.
Example: It happened as it had to, namely together. I, seriously at the goal of my dreams? Cloud seven. Seven and a half, rather.
Chiasmus describes the successive sequence of two pairs of words in reverse order. If you put it all in letters, a chiasmus looks like this: a-b-b-a. Replacing the letters with words results in the order word 1 - word 2 - word 2 - word 1. In the following you will find examples of chiasms.
Example 1: I don't know what I want, I don't want what I know.
Example 2: He doesn't do what he wants, he doesn't want what he does.
By omitting words, grammatically incomplete sentences are formed that are nevertheless understandable for the reader.
Example 1: All's well that ends well.
Example 2: Without ifs or buts.
Example 3: Nothing to me, nothing to you.
Etymological figure
A verb and a subject are used together to make things clear.
Example: planning a plan.
Two words with the same meaning are used to give slightly stronger expression.
Example 1: fear and horror.
Example 2: mood
Example 3: this and that.
Example 4: house and yard.
The use of hyperbolas is intended to emphasize terms. This is often done with exaggerations.
Example 1: Infinitely long.
Example 2: A sea full of tears.
Example 3: Like a dime a dozen.
Reversal of the parts of the sentence in usage.
Example 1: Long is the way of the righteous.
Example 2: The Tower of Babel is high.
By irony is meant the opposite of what is being said. It can usually only be understood in context. In the following example, attention must be paid to the external conditions: It is raining and the speaker still has to ride his bike home.
Example: "When it rains, you like to ride your bike."
Increase in the number of consecutive words in a sentence to reinforce the overall message.
Example: Here, too, the statement "Veni, Vidi, Vici" is the example that we would like to present to you. Here there is an increase from “I came” to “I saw” to the climax “I won”.
This rhetorical figure is used to use an understatement to create a reinforcing effect. In the following example, the phrase “all day” is an understatement, as a car accident often affects and impacts your whole life, not just the much shorter one-day period.
Example: A car accident like this can ruin your whole day.
Words are illustrated by pictures.
Example: The sun is laughing.
The rhetorical figure is used to redesign words. Nowadays, English or French are also used here to create new words.
Example 1: Internet café
Example 2: media center
Example 3: Texting (writing SMS)
A rhetorical figure is represented here with the exact reproduction of sounds.
Example 1: hiss.
Example 2: groan.
Example 3: shouting.
Formulations are formed from opposites. The oxymoron is the opposite of a Hendiadyoin.
Example 1: love-hate relationship
Example 2: All the money drove me to bankruptcy.
This rhetorical figure is a contradicting statement. Often an oxymoron is also included here.
Example 1: Less is more.
Example 2: What loves each other teases each other.
A parallelism is also known as word juxtaposition. Words that make up a whole sentence are repeated here.
Example: speech is silver, silence is gold.
Insertion of an intermediate sentence into a sentence.
Example: It was - and nobody doubted it - not the right decision.
A seemingly impersonal thing takes on a human character.
Example 1: You are a smart fox.
Example 2: The sun is laughing.
Example 3: Mother Nature.
A word that does not fit into the context is placed in front of an already descriptive word. Verbs are often put in front of nouns.
Example 1: bright sunshine.
Example 2: old grandpa.
Rhetorical question
A rhetorical question is a question whose answer is already known and which has already emerged from the question. Here the answer is theoretically given by the effect of the question.
Example 1: Didn't I tell you?
Example 2: How stupid are you actually?
Example 3: Do you want to miss it?
Representation of an object.
Example 1: star
Example 2: cross
In most cases, a comparison is introduced with the word “how”. Two elements are compared and associated with each other.
Example 1: Like the country, so are the people.
Example 2: She is beautiful like a flower.


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