What is international governance
"Global Governance": Problems and Challenges
One result of globalization and delimitation processes is the spread of cross-border, unregulated or barely regulated activities, in short "shadow economies" or forms of "shadow globalization", which represent a precarious livelihood for more and more people in developing and transition countries. It is primarily about the spread of informal and criminal activities, although the boundaries to the formal economy are quite fluid. Phenomena of "shadow globalization" are, on the one hand, an expression of the loss of control of state or international institutions, on the other hand, they drive this forward. Characteristic of "shadow globalization" are, among other things, unregulated transshipment points for goods, goods and services, unregulated labor markets and migratory movements, informal money transfers, capital flight and tax evasion, economies of violence and war, as well as various forms of organized transnational crime such as money laundering, smuggling, drug and weapons , Raw materials or human trafficking, brand and product piracy, white-collar crime or Internet crime.
One problem of global governance lies in the national interests of the sovereign states. These often contradict each other about the need for global solutions to problems (for example, the US is striving not to hinder its economy by complying with the Kyoto Protocol).
Furthermore, the legitimacy of global governance actors is discussed very controversially; one rightly points out the lack of democratic structures of the UN (keyword: input legitimacy), as well as that of NGOs and other private actors who are endowed with executive powers; With regard to the democratically structured states, whose room for maneuver is limited in view of the global requirements and which are therefore overwhelmed with problem solving, there is talk of a lack of output legitimation.
Efforts are being made here to achieve transparency and credibility at all levels, see the UN Global Compact or the INEF REPORT.
Sources and Links
Jenny Louise Becker I RESET editorial staff, January 2009
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