Every country celebrates Independence Day
Independence Day 2021 USA: Holiday Meaning Explained - Independence Day on July 4th
Independence Day is the United States' Independence Day. It is celebrated every year on July 4th and is therefore also known as the 'Fourth of July'. Numerous Americans picnic with friends and family on this day, patriotic parades, fireworks and concerts take place in many cities - 2021 will have to show to what extent the Corona crisis allows this. A hot dog eating contest is held annually on Independence Day in New York's Coney Island Beach District.
Independence Day: What do people in the US celebrate today on July 4th?
On July 4th, the Americans celebrate the beginning of an independent nation: On July 4th, 1776, representatives of the original 13 colonies ratified the declaration of independence with which they separated from England. The term "United States of America" appeared for the first time in this document.
United States July 4th 1776: How Did Independence Come About?
Towards the end of the 18th century, most of the colonies in North America belonged to England - and were therefore also known as the New England states. They did have their own parliaments that could pass laws on their own. In economic matters, however, the parliament in London was still responsible.
The British Crown wanted to earn as much money as possible with its colonies, among other things to compensate for war costs, and viewed the New England states as a supplier of raw materials and a market. In doing so, however, she neglected the interests of the local population. The settlers, who had emigrated to North America and gained a foothold there, no longer wanted to pay taxes to the British crown without being represented in return in Parliament in London. The relationship between London and the New England states always cooled considerably. Ultimately, London sent military forces to North America, but they were also unable to prevent the settlers from wanting to break away from England.
At the second continental congress, which began in 1775, representatives from twelve of the thirteen colonies discussed a revolution against England. In a first resolution they stated "that these United Colonies are free and independent states, that they are absolved of all duty and allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connections between them and the State of Great Britain are hereby is completely canceled ".
The draft of the Declaration of Independence was submitted as early as July 2, 1776, but it was not until July 4, 1776 that the representatives of the thirteen founding states of the USA who had gathered in Congress signed the "Declaration of Independence". Although the United States of America only came into being legally with the ratification of the US Constitution in 1781, July 4th is now the founding day of the USA.
Since when has Independence Day been celebrated?
The name "Independence Day" was first used in 1791. Independence was also celebrated in previous years, albeit on a much smaller scale than it is today. For example, on the first anniversary of 1777 in Bristol, thirteen shots were fired in the morning and thirteen evening - one for each of the 13 founding states of the United States.
The first anniversary in Philadelphia was celebrated a little bigger. There was an official dinner for the congress, also thirteen gun salutes, parades and fireworks. In addition, ships were decorated in red, blue and white - the colors of the US flag.
On July 4th, 1778, George Washington gave his soldiers a present: he gave them a double ration of rum.
Oddities about Independence Day on July 4th
Conspiracy theorists are thrilled with Independence Day on July 4th: Both John Adams, the second President of the United States, and his successor Thomas Jefferson died on July 4th, 1826 - the 50th anniversary of the independence of the United States. And also Zachary Taylor, the twelfth President of the United States, died on a July 4th. Despite the scorching heat, he gave a patriotic speech in 1850, refreshing himself with ice water - and thereby suffered an acute gastrointestinal inflammation that cost him his life. (sli)
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