What region was Persia in?

Discovery in China shows early ties with Persia

Beijing - Archaeologists have discovered a 1,400-year-old grave in the central Chinese province of Henan, which contained, among other things, a bed made of white marble as a burial object. Carvings on the sleeping furniture show elements of both Buddhism and Persian Zoroastrianism. According to scientists, the finds in the Long'an district of Anyang city demonstrate the cultural exchange between China and ancient Persia via the ancient Silk Road. A video of the excavation finds is available here.

Meaningful bed

The precious bed from the Sui dynasty (581-618) showed pictures with religious content as well as depictions from the everyday life of the grave owner. This shows, among other things, that the family who owned the grave lived in Longxi, more than 1,000 kilometers to the west, southeast of Lanzhou in Gansu Province.

The region was an important part of the ancient Silk Road trade route and was influenced by European as well as West and Central Asian cultures. The excavations began in April 2020. More than 120 items, including earthenware and pottery, have already been found, the official Xinhua news agency reported.

Exchange between West and East

"The bed and dozens of images related to Buddhism and Zoroastrianism are evidence of the exchange between Eastern and Western civilizations, which is important in the study of ethnic and religious intermingling," said Kong Deming, director of the Anyang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology .

The Zoroastrianism (also called Parsism), which was founded in Persia in the 6th century BC and is still widespread in India and the USA today, goes back to Zoroaster, who is called Zarathustra in Avestan. The Iranian priest and philosopher is said to have lived in the second or first millennium BC. According to some experts, Zarathustra could be considered the founder of the first monotheistic religion based on the belief in Ahura Mazda. (red, APA, 6.1.2021)