Why is Bengaluru not Metropolitan

An attitude towards work

Bangalore | India

Statistical data

Google entries for Bangalore
+ Bengaluru + Kannada 318.120.000
Google entries per inhabitant 37,75

City foundation 1537 (continuous settlement history)
surface 741 km²
de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangalore

POPULATION
Residents / city 8.425.970 (2011)
Residents / agglomeration 8.499.399
http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/448-bangalore.html

Population density 11,371 inh. / Km² (2011)
de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangalore

Among the metropolitan areas of India, Bangalore ranks fifth behind Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai. The American business magazine Forbes counts Bangalore among the world's fastest growing cities over the next decade.
http://www.forbes.com/2010/10/07/cities-china-chicago-opinions-columnists-joel-kotkin.html

Over half of Bangalore's population are immigrants from other parts of India and the world. The largest group of immigrants in Bangalore are the Tamils, who make up around 30 percent of the city's population.
de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangalore

Men 4.401.299
Women 4.024.671
Sex ratio 914 women / 1000 men
Sex ratio (0-6 years) 940 girls / 1000 boys
http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/448-bangalore.html

Because the dowry is so high, 50,000 female fetuses in India are simply aborted each month. This is one of the reasons why the UN has declared the country the world's most dangerous place for girls. “Daughters are a financial burden for their parents who have to give them an expensive trousseau so that one day they can find a husband. The custom has already ruined many families: I need 600,000 rupees to marry off this daughter ”, explains beekeeper Shiv Kumar from Delhi,“ one more daughter and I would be bankrupt ”. According to the latest estimates, there are now nearly 40 million more male Indians than female Indians.
http://www.welt.de/vermischtes/article106264933/Das-Schicksal-von-Indiens-verloren-Toechtern.html

Population development
1991 4.130.000
2001 5.101.000
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangalore

Religions 79.37% Hindu, 13.37% Muslim, 5% Christian
http://www.gvpedia.com/Bangalore/Top-Facts-and-Figures.aspx

languages Kannada, English, Urdu, Tamil, Telugu, Tulu, Hindi, Malayalam
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangalore

CLIMATE
Max. Temperature Ø 29,30
Min. Temperature Ø 18,60
Precipitation / year (mm) 934,70
Rainydays 94,40
de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangalore

TRAFFIC
Registered vehicles 3.886.441
from that
Two-wheelers 2.690.409
Auto rickshaws 100.199
Cars / vans 818029
http://www.bangaloretrafficpolice.gov.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=45&btp=45
accessed on August 26, 2012

According to traffic expert M.N. Sreehari, the number of cars has increased at an alarming rate. The number of four-wheeled vehicles is increasing by 15% every year. This is almost as much vehicle growth as in Delhi, the capital of the region. "It has to be stopped immediately," he says. Two-wheeled vehicles are no exception; their number has increased from 9.94 lakh in 200 to 28.26 lakh in 2011. (1 lakh = 100,000)
www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/article2941265.ece, accessed on August 26, 2012

Illegal parking tickets issued 50,000 / month
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-10-04/bangalore/30242425_1_parking-space-parking-spot-illegal-parking

Public transport
Bus (Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation)
Daily traffic revenue Rs. 4.64 Crores
Number of vehicles 6265
Trips per day 80,700
Daily services in km 13:18 lakhs
Traffic clerk 33992
Passengers to be transported daily 4.5 million
http://www.bmtcinfo.com/site/BSBmtcAtGlance.jsp

metro
A first 7 km long section of the “Namma Metro” (Our Metro), an above and below ground high-speed train system, has been in operation since October 20, 2011. Namma Metro is used by an average of 25,000 passengers a day.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namma_Metro#cite_note-dnaindia1-2

ECONOMY
Average earnings one
Middle income family 35,000 RS / month = 1,250 EUR
of which for food purchases 15,000 RS / month = 535 EUR
http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/article3810378.ece

Cost of living
Necessary working time for the purchase of ...
(Figures for Delhi; Bangalore not collected)
1 Big Mac Min. 49
1kg bread Min. 20
1kg rice Min. 58
1 iPod nano Hrs. 122.5
http://www.ubs.com/global/de/wealth_management/wealth_management_research/prices_earnings.html
(Edition 2009)

Prices (in EUR)
12 eggs 0,64,-
1 kg of tomatoes 0,30,-
Bread for 2 people (1 day) 0,37,-
0.5 liters of beer in the supermarket 1,13,-
1 liter of whole milk 0,41,-
Hourly cleaning assistance 1,51,-
Monthly rent for one85 sqm apartment
in an expensive one
District 281,00,-
1 liter of gasoline 1,12,-
Monthly ticket for public transport 14,49,-
Taxi ride (8 km) 2,56,-
http://www.expatistan.com

Economic rankings
GDP (gross domestic product,adjusted for purchasing power)
2008
$ 69 billion
2025 $ 203 billion
https://www.ukmediacentre.pwc.com/imagelibrary/downloadMedia.ashx?MediaDetailsID=1562

Poverty line in Karnataka Case 28.35
in urban areas = EUR 0.41
Population share below the poverty line 23,6 %

Unemployed
9.5 million (September 2010)

The high unemployment rate in September resulted from a sharp rise in part-time employment. The number of people employed part-time for economic reasons rose to 612,000 in September, bringing the rate to 9.5 million. During the August-September period it rose to 943,000. The general unemployment rate rose to 17.1% in September from 16.7% in August.
http://www.financialsense.com/contributors/asha-bangalore/employment-situation-reinforces-expectations-of-qe2-on-november-3

Informal work
Only about 7 percent of all employees are in a contractually regulated employment relationship. The remaining 93 percent are assigned to the so-called “informal sector” - they are not insured against illness or accidents at work, nor are they entitled to social benefits or old-age pensions.

http://www.auswaertigesamt.de/DE/Aussenpolitik/Laender/Laenderinfos/Indien/Wirtschaft_node.html

Unions
No data for Bangalore; Numbers on a calculation basis

The five main trade union confederations are
1. BMS (Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh), 2,769,556 members, BJP
2. INTUC (Indian National Trade Union Congress), 2,587,378 members, Congress (I)
3. CITU (Center of Indian Trade Unions), 1,768,044 members, CPI (M)
4. HMS (Hind Mazdoor Sabha), 1,318,804 members, Janata Dal
5. AITUC (All India Trade Union Congress), 905,975 members, CPI
http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/DE/Aussenpolitik/Laender/Laenderinfos/01-Nodes_Uebersichtsseiten/Indien_node.html

Number of unionized workers in relation to the total population of India 2,3 %

Recent strikes
Transport workers' strike (September 13, 2012, no information on number of strikers and duration of strike)

The unlimited strike called on Thursday by the Union of Transport Unions of Karnataka has been showing its effects across the region since Wednesday. The unions oppose the unilateral salary increases announced by the management of the road transport companies. Transport workers held meetings and had been absent from work since Wednesday, affecting normal road traffic. Transport company spokesmen confirmed that over 30% of services in Bangalore were affected. The buses were overcrowded to the brim on Wednesday afternoon. The government has now arrested strike leaders in an attempt to thwart the strike. According to the union representative and general secretary of the Transport Workers' Association H.V. Ananthasubba Rao, three, eight and 16 strike leaders have been arrested in Peenya, Tumkur and Maddur. 400 more strike organizers were transferred and 5,000 union members were warned.
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/transport-workers-strike-starts-today/article3890878.ece

List of special economic zones in Karnataka
Manyata Embassy Business Park Bangalore, Karnataka IT / ITES
WIPRO Limited Doddakannelli Village, Varthur Hobli, Electronic City, Banglore, Karnataka IT
WIPRO Limited (SR) Doddakannelli Village, Varthur Hobli, Sarjapur Road, Banglore, Karnataka IT
Infosys Technologies SEZ Mangalore Bangalore, Karnataka IT / ITES
Vikas Telecom Limited Bangalore, Karnataka IT / ITES
Adarsh ​​Prime Projects Private Limited Devarabeesanahalli, Bhoganahalli and Doddakanahalli,
Divyasree (Shyamaraju) Kundalahalli Village, Krishnarajapuram, Bangalore, Karnataka
IT / ITES enabled services Cessna Garden Developers Pvt. Ltd. Bangalore, Karnataka IT / ITES
Global Village SEZ (Tanglin Development Ltd.) Pattengere / Mylasandra Villages, Karnataka IT / ITES
Biocon Limited. Anekal Taluk, Banglore, Karnataka Biotechnology
KIADB (textile) Hasan, Karnataka Textile
M / s Information Technology Park Ltd. Bangalore, Karnataka IT / ITES
Primal Projects Private Limited Banglore, Karnataka IT / ITES
Synefra Engineering and Construction Ltd. Karnataka Hi-tech Engg. Products & related services
Bagmane Construction Pvt. Ltd. Bangalore North, Karnataka IT / ITES
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Special_Economic_Zones_in_India#Karnataka
http://cividep.org/working-and-living-conditions-in-special-economic-zones/

bangalored
You are 'bangalored' if your job is terminated because it has been outsourced abroad. This name goes back to the Indian city of Bangalore, where a large number of IT jobs in the USA are outsourced.

http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=bangalored

The role of English
"There is now a new caste system that distinguishes people - either you can speak English or you can't. Instead of UAG (below the poverty line), I would propose the UEG (below the English border) as a new exclusion criterion - this determines whether you belong to those who have or who do not. " Vanala Vishwanatha (2012), Professor of English at Azim Premji University.

http://www.lc.itb.ac.id/conf2012/files/Sazana%20Jayadeva-ENGLISH%20CLINICS.pdf

Water supply
households 2.377.000
Treated tap water 66,6 %
Untreated tap water 12,5 %
Well water 17,7 %
Other sources 3,2 %
http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/article3737581.ece