Who controls political power in Mexico

Politics in Mexico

The current political situation in Mexico, as in all other countries in the world, is based on historical events and developments. But the geographical location also plays a decisive role in Mexico's politics. Who are Mexico's neighbors and what is their political relationship to one another?

The political system of Mexico

The "Estados Unidos Mexicanos", the "United States of Mexico", are made up of 31 states and the federal district, the "Distrito Federal, D.F.". Around a quarter of the population lives in the capital, Mexico City. Mexico is a presidential federal republic with a state president, currently Felipe Calderón Hinojosa (PAN), who is elected for six years and is also head of government and commander in chief of the armed forces. Hinojosa is currently fighting with his policy in Mexico to increase general security and especially against the drug cartels. This led to a wave of violence, especially in the north of the country, which must now be controlled. In addition, they are increasingly focusing on the protection of human rights, democracy and the rule of law. Often, however, there are still problems implementing changes in Mexican politics.

The Composition of Mexico's Politics

After Mexico had been independent from Spain since 1821, the Mexican Constitution came into force in 1917, which is still in force today with a few changes. This gives the President in Mexico a lot of power. The Federal Congress, which consists of two chambers, the House of Representatives and the Senate, acts as legislator. The individual states of Mexico each have their own constitution as well as their own legislative and administrative bodies. The states in Mexico are run by governors. The most important parties are the PRI - Partido Revolucionario Institucional, the PAN - Partido Acción Nacional and the PRD - Partido de la Revolución Democrática.

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