Is spiritual enlightenment known or experienced?
Enlightenment is in Buddhism and often in yoga the name for the highest state of consciousness that leads to the experience of unity, liberation. Enlightenment, Latin illuminatio, is a term also used in Christian mysticism, e.g. as enlightenment through the Holy Spirit.
In this sense, enlightenment is the spiritual penetration that leads to higher consciousness. In a more relative, profane sense today a sudden idea, an inspiration, a new insight is sometimes called enlightenment: In this sense, enlightenment can come to you while hiking, you can have a sudden enlightenment. In this article, I want to focus more on what enlightenment is in terms of Buddhism and yoga - and how to attain it.
Enlightenment - (Moksha, Samadhi) is the highest goal in yoga. Consciousness changes and rises to the level of transcendence (living in God, living in light). The I-consciousness (ego) dissolves and is replaced by a unity consciousness. One experiences oneself as one with everything and sees oneself in all beings.
The basic experience of enlightenment is being (peace, calm), unity (egolessness) and happiness. In yoga one speaks of Sat-Chit-Ananda. Sat refers to being without attachment. The ego-consciousness disappears and the person comes into the unity consciousness (chit). From the connection of being with the unity consciousness the inner happiness (ananda) arises by itself (by grace).
The path to enlightenment
The path to enlightenment essentially consists of consistent thought work (practicing inner peace, comprehensive love, wisdom, self-discipline and inner happiness) and regular meditation. Then the mind comes to rest, the person rests in his true nature (in God) and inner happiness awakens. Buddha taught the way of the four levels of immersion. This is how you get into nirvana. Patanjali explained that yoga at the center is calming the mind (yoga sutra).
Wikipedia : "Enlightenment (illuminare →" illuminate ") describes, according to the most widespread view, a religious-spiritual experience in which the everyday consciousness of a person is exceeded and a special permanent insight into an overall reality of whatever kind is obtained becomes.
In the concepts that are translated as "enlightenment" and in the question of how the respective enlightenment can be attained, there are considerable differences in the traditions of the different cultures. Enlightenment is understood, for example, as a spontaneous breakthrough or as the end result of a process of spiritual exercise and development obtained through one's own strength, or as a union with a universal consciousness or as a sanctity obtained through divine grace. In the European religious philosophy, the fact "enlightenment" is counted among the "mystical experiences". In the context of Asian religions, enlightenment denotes the ultimate goal of the spiritual path. "
Viveka Chudamani - With enlightenment all problems disappear
- Commentary on Viveka Chudamani verse 319 by Sukadev Bretz -
Darkness and its effects as calamities lose their meaning when the sun rises. Likewise, in the experience of nondual bliss and joy, there is no longer any bond or trace of suffering.
With the light, the darkness disappears
Suppose you are in a room and it is dark. You can try to drive away the darkness. You can see that you find and drive away every bit of darkness everywhere. It is an utterly nonsensical undertaking. All you have to do is turn on the light. When the light is on, the darkness is gone.
You must deal with the darkness unreleased
Of course you can also say that when it is dark you have to learn to cope with the darkness. And as long as you are not God-realized, you must also learn to cope in this state of non-God-realization. But when you have achieved God Realization, then everything is fine. Then you don't have to worry about anything anymore.
You know that you are the immortal self, the Atman. Nothing needs to worry you anymore. You can say that in the long run all problems will go away because you will achieve God Realization. In the short term, some things are still different and you have to learn to cope in the dark. You know that you will achieve God Realization in the long run. Then all the difficulties in life are gone. Look forward to it.
Sitting, walking and thinking
Enlightenment arises in a person when the tension in the body and mind is released. Buddha has developed an ingeniously simple way to do this. This path is called: "Sitting, walking and thinking." If you practice alternating between sitting and walking over a long period of time, internal tension is optimally reduced.
If you just sit, the mind quickly becomes lazy. Regular exercise clears the mind and keeps the body healthy. It gives the person inner strength. It empowers people powerfully to walk their spiritual path. It gives him the strength to live as a victor. If you just walk, the mind is too restless. Inner happiness arises from inner calm. If the body is kept very still, one can easily get into deeper dimensions of meditation.
In addition to sitting and walking, according to the Buddha, mental work plays a major role in relieving inner tension. A yogi should develop thoughts of love, wisdom, and self-discipline. In the course of time he has to calm his thoughts more and more. Until he lives completely in peace. Then he thinks when he needs the thinking. And he lingers without thought when thoughts are not necessary.
This basic model of relieving tension can be further developed into the path of five activities: lying down (or sitting / meditating), reading (mind work), walking (sport, yoga), doing good (doing some work, karma yoga) and enjoying life (something Do nice things). These five activities in constant change and each in the personally correct duration are an effective way of relieving tension.
For Yogi Nils, the spiritual daily plan is the central technique on the way into light. Mainly with a very sensitive and at the same time very consistently practiced daily plan, Nils relieves the tension in his body and mind. He distributes his spiritual exercises throughout the day in such a way that a constant internal cleansing process is maintained. The secret is the right application of the right technology at the right moment. The path to inner happiness requires a lot of wisdom and inner sensitivity. It has to be developed sensitively and very individually every day. Nils starts the day with a positive attitude towards the day. Which exercises does he need today in which order? Where should the focus be?
Yogi Nils basically divides his meditation into two levels. In the first stage he cleans his energy channels through visualizations, mantras and breathing exercises and activates his Kundalini energy. Then he radically stops all thoughts for a few minutes. His mind comes to rest completely. Then he just lingers in peace and lets thoughts and feelings come and go as they want. This is the level of indwelling in self-meditation. All stressful thoughts and feelings come up. If one were to suppress the thoughts now, no deep solution process would arise.
Too much direct Contact with other people we should avoid in the first stage of the development of enlightenment. As a yogi you have to find out very sensitively how much contact with other people is good for you. At a certain point of external calm, a person's energy turns inward. It no longer lives out in external activities. Rather, it shifts its focus to inner cleansing, the release of tension and the development of inner happiness. The yogi is then largely cleansed of his own life energy by himself. He doesn't need to do a lot of spiritual exercises anymore. He just needs to remain in a state of sufficient physical and mental rest. This one Point of reversal of internal energy every yogi has to find. It is difficult to find and, above all, difficult to preserve. The life energy pushes into overactivity or indolence. A yogi with daily self-discipline must consistently prevent both.
An effective yogi life feels like constantly swimming against the flow of your own neurotic impulses. It's like living in a pressure cooker. At first the rest is unbearably boring and then suddenly the energy begins to work intensely in you. If we consistently maintain the pressure of rest, inner happiness arises. We realize our true selves, our deeper meaning in life. We come to a permanent life in the light.
According to Swami Sivananda, enlightenment arises from the three great principles of rest, practice and love. When a yogi lives alone in a place of calm, he has already made it halfway to enlightenment. He copes with the second half with his spiritual exercises. He walks through the great gateway to a life in light through the path of all-encompassing love. When a yogi lives primarily for the happiness of his fellow human beings and for the goal of a happy world, then his ego dissolves. If the ego disappears, the person is in the light. He relaxes so deeply in his soul that the happiness energy awakens in him.
Shiva is the supreme god in hatha yoga. We can see him as a symbol of a victorious yogi. He masters life with the five elements love (pearl necklace in front of the heart chakra), joy (inner happiness, meditation seat), wisdom (Kundalini snake), power (trident, drum) and calm (living in peace, moon above your head, Unity consciousness). Every spiritual person should be blessed by an enlightened master at least once in their life. Darshan is an important step in purification on the path to enlightenment. Often enlightenment energies are transmitted which one day can unfold into a great grace.
1. The winner = We shake our fists at head level and think: "I achieve my goals. My goals are ...".
2. The strong one = We rub our hands / feet on the earth, visualize Mount Meru below us and think: "I keep equanimity in suffering. I go my way with perseverance."
3. The serene = We make big circles with our arms, visualize the cosmos full of stars around us and think: "I live in the great order of the cosmos. I accept things as they are. I flow positively with life."
4. The Hatha Yogi = We visualize the Kundalini snake in us, move our toes, put our hands together, circle our thumbs and think: "I go the way of Hatha Yoga. I save myself through my spiritual exercises."
5. The Karma Yogi = We move a hand in front of the heart chakra in a blessing and think: "I send light to ... May all beings be happy. May there be a happy world". Translated, Shiva means "the good one". He lives in cosmic consciousness and sees himself in all of his fellow beings. He wants all beings to be happy.
6. Master Yoga = We rub our hands in front of the heart chakra, visualize the enlightened masters above us in heaven and think: "Om all enlightened masters. On inner wisdom. I ask for guidance and help on my way."
7. Shiva picture = Concentrate on a picture or statue of Shiva. Move one hand at the level of the heart chakra and thereby absorb energy from Shiva. Think the mantra several times "Om Namah Shivaya" (I connect with Shiva) and feel how the energy of Shiva (of all enlightened masters, all yogis) flows into you with the mantra.
8. Meditation = We put our hands on our laps, move our toes and think that Mantra "Om" in the stomach. Then we stop all thoughts for a minute. We relax in meditation for a while and then come back.
Heinrich Zimmer on enlightenment
Excerpt from the legend of Kanakavarna from "Buddhist Legends" by Heinrich Zimmer
At the same time, a Buddha-to-be, who had begun the change to enlightenment forty ages ago, had come back to life in this human world. This Becoming Buddha saw in a wood, how a son lost himself with his mother, and when he saw it, he thought to himself: "Verily, these beings cling to lust, they are completely glued to lust; where he spent nine months in hers Body and has drunk her breasts, then he will still perish! I am full of such creatures, who are evil, kindled with glowing lust for evil, who look wrongly to the truth and are overwhelmed by greed for what is mean, which their mother do not know as mothers who have no reverence for holy ascetics and brahmins and do not honor the elderly in the family. - Who can change the change to enlightenment for the sake of such creatures? . "
Then the Buddha-to-be went to the root of a tree aside. He came and sat by the root of the tree. He crossed his thighs and straightened his body and put prudence in front of his face and persisted in the step-by-step contemplation of the rising and falling of the five fields of comprehension.
- "This is the sensual form, this is the rise of sensual form and this is the fall of sensual form.
- This is the sensual sensation, this is the conceptual naming,
- this is the formations, this is the consciousness. So the consciousness rises -
- so the consciousness goes down. "
As he paused one after the other to contemplate the rise and fall of the five fields of apprehension, he soon understood:
- "Everything to whom arising is peculiar is also passing away" -
- and with that he had attained Solitary Enlightenment. Then the Sublime Enlightened-Lonely One spoke the verse at that time, after he had considered things in their true sequence:
- "Who lives things, sticks to life,
- out of sticking, suffering grows down below. -
- Who sees the need in gluing,
- on its way as the rhinoceros moves: lonely and secluded. "
Enlightenment as the basis for ethical behavior and a healthy psyche
From a lecture by Sukadev Bretz
Enlightenment, what does this have to do with psychology? Usually when I talk about enlightenment, I am doing it from a purely spiritual point of view, but enlightenment has something to do with psychology as well. Psychology is science, logic, of the psyche, of human nature and human characteristics and abilities.
And unfortunately, all too often modern psychologists forget something very important, namely enlightenment. Ultimately, people want to attain enlightenment. One can also say that the deepest aspect of being human is enlightenment. People consciously or unconsciously strive for superconsciousness, people strive to experience the highest. Humans are also not satisfied until enlightenment. And I think psychologists should pay more attention to that.
It is not enough to simply understand the psyche as emotions, and I also do not believe that evolutionary biology is sufficient to explain human behavior, even if, admittedly, evolutionary biology and psychology can explain a lot, but not everything.
Man also has a purpose in life and man feels that there is something higher, there is enlightenment. The great masters of all cultures and the great saints of different religions and also the various spiritual masters say: "There is enlightenment, you can attain enlightenment and you will attain it at some point."
Some say, "Yes, you will attain it after many incarnations." Others say that there is the ultimate solution, that after a sufficient time in the intermediate worlds, maybe in purgatory, whatever you want to call it, one comes to enlightenment at some point. Man's consciousness is oriented towards the experience of oneness.
Man will never be satisfied with little happiness, man only wants to attain the highest enlightenment. And I believe the human psyche is easiest to understand when you consider enlightenment. Now think about it for yourself, are you thinking about enlightenment? Do you know that someday you will attain enlightenment? What do you do to get enlightenment?
Do not wait for the "ENLIGHTENMENT" light a light in you "yourself"
An article by Gerrit Kirstein, from Yoga Vidya Journal No. 36 - Summer 2018
We women and men who are interested in yoga and who practice it with devotion go through various phases of development on the yoga path.As long as we take the philosophy associated with it seriously and live according to it, and see yoga not just as an amusing, sporty leisure activity, we are united by a demanding goal.
What we strive for are constant inner harmony and well-being, connection to the true self and increased contemplation, enlightenment. Although I prefer the knowledge of Buddha, who did not speak of the great "enlightenment", but more modestly, of "awakening". So simply a state of conscious being, in harmony with the laws of nature, the cosmic conditions and the everyday challenges.
Exaggerated expectations for the future
If we are on our way in this direction and identify with the goals mentioned, then we are looking ahead, into the future. We expect a promising state of permanent acceptance and satisfaction to come to us, to happen to us, as it were. So we basically wait for it to hopefully "click" one day and for us to feel the great realization of who we really are in our deep being and what the true meaning of our existence in this life is. Then we will finally be happy and satisfied until the end of our days ... "and if you haven't died, then you are still alive today ..."
I would like to reverse this well-known closing phrase from fairy tales and legends, and then it could be: "... and if you are alive today, then you have not yet died ..." The focus is on living "today", i.e. in the present, or how one also likes to say “in the here and now”. I have the impression that many people have not yet really recognized the meaning of this statement. To live in the here and now means not to wait and hope for an unearthly appearance or for what may well happen to us in the future.
No, it demands that we consciously and, above all, actively take care of a state of mind that allows us to be free and strong inside; so that we can already enjoy wellbeing, security and joy in our true being in the present. So we take our life into our own hands and follow the nature of our inner being. Who else should do it for us?
But that assumes that we say goodbye to our exaggerated expectations of an outside solution or of the miracle of enlightenment or liberation, however they should happen. Instead, we can light our own light in ourselves - if we want to be light for others and not least for ourselves.
Awakening in the now is possible
This decision and the resulting actions cannot and will not be made for us. That is our very own job. If we don't, we will not experience this unique, alluring state of oneness, freedom, and harmony. I am sure that it is possible to take care of your own "enlightenment" or "awakening".
We are all divine, chosen beings, and each of us carries the radiant light of his uniqueness within himself, otherwise we could not exist at all. But unfortunately many have lost access to their inner, sacred space, where they can feel protected, safe and in harmony with themselves. They have stopped shining and their charisma and joie de vivre are covered by everyday worries and disappointing experiences.
Our thoughts often move in the field of tension between painful, stressful experiences of the past and longing, friendly expectations for the future. But life only takes place in the present. As soon as we think about the past and allow painful memories to determine our thinking and feeling, we have lost contact with the present and thus with ourselves. And when we deal with vague hopes, dreams, wishes and fears for the future, we also block access to our inner core and feeling of joy, which the Indians call - Sat-Chid-Ananda -; absolute being, knowledge and bliss.
Paths to harmonious unity and connection
How could we manage to remain largely constant with ourselves, i.e. remain present, if we have fallen into the past and future trap? How can we get out of this oppressive state?
The answer lies in the natural wisdom of our body and control of our thoughts. If we are able to feel our body as thoughtlessly as possible, to perceive our mental limitations and to reach an expanded state of consciousness by concentrating on breathing, we have the chance to feel ourselves intensely and to come back into a harmonious connection with ourselves .
A helpful way is to establish body contact not only from the outside, through movement and touch, but also to put yourself mentally inside the body and to observe and perceive the outside world from the security of this inner "home". Ideally, one begins the path into the body with a longer meditation in order to get in the mood and to open up completely, step by step. Then you concentrate very consciously on your body awareness.
You start with a loving contact with your feet, combined with a thank you to these important body parts that carry us through life and are the connection to our "grounding", to the earth connection. Then one moves one's attention step by step over the other parts of the body - legs, pelvis, back, chest, hands, arms, shoulders, neck up to the head. Each region is gently and gently honored with grateful words and feelings. We can also support and intensify this contact with a loving touch.
Body sensation and breathing create awareness
This gentle, sensitive approach will develop a feeling for which region of the body can be used to access the inside of the body. Above all, deep, even breathing helps us to find the right entrance gate. Just as the breath wave rhythmically moves our body, we can also indulge in this genuine movement and unite with the body in the vibration frequency and come to a feeling of wholeness.
We consciously inhabit our physical shell, connect with the energy it contains and can thus temporarily leave the usual dominance of the mind. When we have established ourselves in our own energy field and enjoy what we embody and feel, we are present. This means that we are in a state of consciousness that allows us to accept everything that happens to us and around us and leave it as it is.
We feel in harmony and thus in connection with the self, with our true nature. And then we will recognize that we have carried this truth, this perfection, this primal knowledge within us from the very beginning. We feel the light again that burns in us and warms us and lets us be whole. In this state we no longer need to look outwards or hopefully into the future in order to find our inner peace and an affirmative attitude towards life. Everything we need for a fulfilled life is already in us and is available to us.
The word enlightenment
Properties similar to enlightenment - synonyms
Properties similar to enlightenment, i.e. synonyms for enlightenment are e.g. highest knowledge, oneness, cosmic awareness, highest knowledge, truth.
Every quality, every virtue that is exaggerated becomes a vice, a vice, an unhelpful quality. Exaggerated enlightenment can degenerate into charlatanism, hypocrisy, falsehood, for example. Therefore, as the opposite pole, enlightenment needs the cultivation of inspiration, intuition, flair, [].
Opposite of enlightenment - antonyms
There is an opposite to every property. Here are possibilities for opposite of enlightenment, antonyms of enlightenment:
- Positive opposites of enlightenment, one could also call them the opposite poles: inspiration, intuition, instinct, []
- Negative opposites of enlightenment, i.e. vice, negative qualities, are e.g. separation, attachment to the material, tapas, []
Enlightenment antonyms at a glance
Antonyms enlightenment are e.g. inspiration, intuition, instinct, separation, attachment to the material, tapas.
Enlightenment in the context of virtue groups, personality factors and temperaments
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